本經與《長阿含經》第27經、《摩訶僧祇律》、巴利語佛經《長部》第2經等諸經文的內容完全相同。

    有興趣的法友可自行參照《長阿含經》版的《沙門果經》如下:

http://www.charity.idv.tw/o/o2.htm

    這是一篇非常感人的經文,阿闍世王還是太子的時候,為了篡位,殺害了自己的父親,這是一項天地不容的逆倫惡行,根據佛教的說法,這種惡行來世一定會墮入無間地獄,沒得商量。

    阿闍世王登基後並不快樂,他非常的後悔,內心飽受罪惡感的啃噬,晝夜不得安寧。他極力尋求慰藉與救贖,卻不得其門而入,最後他經由善友耆婆名醫的引薦,認識了佛陀,如漫漫長夜裡看見了明燈,為他自己找到了生機。

    阿闍世王的懺悔雖已減輕了殺父的惡業,但卻無法消滅,來世仍須親赴地獄走上一遭,所幸佛陀已預言當阿闍世王的地獄罪報滅盡時,將轉生至天界,且長達二十劫不墮地獄、餓鬼及畜生,最後一生將轉生為人,出家修成辟支佛(見增壹阿含經),我們在此祝福阿闍世王能早日脫離地獄苦海,獲得解脫。

    阿闍世王初見佛陀所提出的問題是:「這個世上到底有沒有現世報?」,這個問題也是很多人心中的疑問,佛陀在本經中有非常精闢的解答。

選譯自《增壹阿含經》第43經第7

喬正一白話譯於西元2021/9/21農曆八月十五日中秋節布薩八關齋戒日

    我是這樣聽聞的:

    有一次,佛陀與一千兩百五十位具足六大神通的阿羅漢弟子一起暫時住在古印度的羅閱城耆婆伽梨園林中,在這些弟子中,只有一人不是阿羅漢,那就是只有初果成就的阿難比丘。

    某日,阿闍世王在七月十五日布薩僧自恣的當夜,夜伴明星,眾星拱月,一輪明月照大地。他對月光夫人說:「今天是農曆十五日月圓之夜,月光極為清明,我們該做些甚麼以度此良宵?」

    夫人提議說:「今天十五日說戒之日,不如我們觀賞歌舞伎樂。」

    可是,阿闍世卻提不起勁,完全沒有興致。

    阿闍世王又問他的長子優陀耶太子同樣的問題,優陀耶太子提議:「不如我們召集四種軍隊去討伐異邦,凡是不歸順我國的外敵異國,我們就去攻伐他們。」

    阿闍世王仍不滿意,又問另一位無畏太子同樣的問題。

    無畏王子建議:「我聽說不蘭迦葉大師明諸算數,兼知天文地理,眾人所宗仰,不如去跟他請教,聽他開示極妙之理。」

    阿闍世王仍不滿意,轉問須尼摩大臣同樣的問題。須尼摩提議去參訪六師外道之一的阿夷耑大師。

    阿闍世王仍不滿意,又問婆沙婆羅門同樣的問題。婆羅門建議去參訪六師外道之一的瞿耶樓大師。

    阿闍世王還是不滿意,又另一大臣摩特梵志同樣的問題,梵志提議去參訪六師外道之一的波休迦旃大師。

    阿闍世王還是不滿意,又問索摩典兵師同樣的問題。索摩建議去參訪六師外道之一的先畢盧持大師。

    阿闍世王還是不滿意,又問最勝大臣同樣的問題。最勝建議去參訪六師外道之一的尼揵子大師。

    阿闍世王依然不滿意,他認為這些所謂的六師外道大師都是一群浪得虛名的愚惑之輩,他很失望,轉而問名醫耆婆伽王子同樣的問題。

    耆婆伽隨即上前單膝跪在地上,他提議:「如來近在不遠之處,他目前與一千兩百五十位弟子一起暫駐在貧聚園中。如來就像明光,具一切知智,無所不知,通曉三世事,靡不貫博,我相信佛陀一定能為陛下解惑,使陛下然自悟。」

    阿闍世王聽到耆婆伽的建議之後,歡喜踊躍,善心於此時生焉,隨即稱歎耆婆伽:「善哉!善哉!你的建議真好,我現在身心極為焦慮、懊惱,因為我無故殺我父王,這一份罪惡感壓得我喘不過氣來,我經常想:『到底誰才能寬慰開解我的心?』。如今你的建議正合我意。」

    於是,阿闍世王向耆婆伽說了以下的偈語:

「今日極清明,心意不得悟,汝等人人說,應往問誰義。
 不蘭阿夷耑,尼揵梵弟子,斯等不可依,不能有所濟。
  今日極清明,月滿無瑕穢,今問耆婆伽,應往問誰義。」

    耆婆伽也以偈語回應阿闍世王:「聞其柔軟音,得脫摩竭魚,唯願時詣佛,永處無畏境。」

    阿闍世王又以偈語回覆:

「我昔所施行,於佛無益事,害彼真佛子,名曰頻婆娑。
  今極懷羞恥,無顏見世尊,汝今云何說,使吾往見之?」

    阿闍世王的意思是說他犯下殺父的滔天惡業,遭人神共棄,他實在無臉去參訪佛陀,他不知該拿甚麼理由去禮見佛陀?

    耆婆伽又以偈語回答阿闍世王:

「諸佛無彼此,諸結永已除,平等無二心,此是佛法義。
 設以栴檀香,以塗右手者,執刀斷左手,心不起增減。
 如愍羅云子,一息更無二,持心向提婆,怨親無有異。
  唯願大王屈,往覲如來顏,當斷其狐疑,勿足有留滯。」

    耆婆伽的意思是要阿闍世王寬心,佛陀對一切蒼生平等無二,對於提婆達多的慈悲與對於出家前的親生兒子羅雲尊者完全一樣,他請阿闍世王把握時間,不要再躊躇不前。

    阿闍世王終於下定決心,對耆婆伽王子說:「好吧!你趕緊替我準備五百牙象車隊,五百牸象車,點燃五百盞車燈。」

    耆婆伽允諾:「是!陛下!」

    耆婆伽王子已備妥一切,阿闍世王帶領隨從軍隊往梨園的方向前去,由於當時是夜晚,一路上杳無人煙,阿闍世王原本就生性多疑,他的政敵與仇家也多,所以一路上他心驚膽跳,不斷環顧四週查看有無刺客埋伏。

    阿闍世王疑神疑鬼地問耆婆伽王子:「你是不是打算暗殺我?你是不是在附近有安插刺客?」

    耆婆伽不斷安慰阿闍世王:「陛下請放心,絕對沒有這種事。請陛下只管前進,如來就在不遠的前方。」

    但阿闍世王猶如驚弓之鳥,依然惴惴不安,他又問耆婆伽:「你是不是設下陷阱陷害我?為什麼如來有一千兩百五十位弟子,我卻聽不到一點聲音?」

    耆婆伽回答:「陛下,請不要多想,如來的弟子琱J三昧禪定,無有亂想,因此沒有聲音。請陛下安心前進吧。」

    阿闍世王一行人終於抵達目的地,他下車步入門講堂前,默然而立,觀察諸聖眾,還顧四周,他問耆婆伽:「如來在何處?」

    當時園內的一切聖眾盡入炎光三昧禪定,因此身上都發出神奇的禪定之光,禪光照亮整座講堂,靡不周遍。

    這時,耆婆伽即時單膝長跪,伸出右手指向如來的方向說道:「那位就是如來,他坐在正中央,如日披雲。」

    阿闍世王問耆婆伽:「哦!甚奇!甚特!這些聖眾心定如此,但不知為何有此光明?」

    耆婆伽解釋:「那是因為他們的禪定之力,所以才會放出這些神奇的光明。」

    阿闍世王又說:「如我今日觀察聖眾,極為寂然,但願我兒優陀耶太子也當如是寂然無為。」

    於是,阿闍世王雙手合掌,謙恭地自稱說:「唯願世尊能接見我。」

    世尊聽到阿闍世王的祈請,說道:「歡迎光臨!陛下!」

    阿闍世王聽到如來的聲音,極懷歡喜。阿闍世王隨即走向佛前,跪在地上,五體投地,以兩手置於如來的腳上,自稱說:「唯願世尊當見垂愍,接受我的悔過。我的父王無罪,我卻殺害了他,唯願接受我的懺悔,今後不再犯錯,自當改往修來。」

    世尊說:「現在正是你悔過的好時機。凡人處世,有誰能無過呢?可貴的是有過能自改者,這才是人上人,我法極為廣大,你應把握時機懺悔。」

    阿闍世王頂禮如來之後,起身坐在一旁,他問佛:「我有一些問題想要請教如來,不知可否賜教?

    佛陀說:「有疑難者,就把握時機儘管提問。」

    阿闍世王問:「這個世上真的有現世報嗎?如果於現世造福德善業,今生可以獲得現世善報嗎?」

    佛陀回答:「這是一個好問題,長久以來大家都有這個疑問,在我回答之前,容我先請問你可曾拿這個問題請教過別人?」

    阿闍世王回答:「當然有!我問過六師外道每一個大師同樣的問題。我先問不蘭迦葉大師,他回答我:『無福、無施,無今世、後世善惡之報,世間無阿羅漢等成就者。』。我覺得他答非所問,進一步追問他到底有沒有現世報這回事?他直接回答我:『沒有。』。這就猶如有人問什麼是瓜?對方卻回答那是李子,根本是雞同鴨講,指鹿為馬,答非所問,我便心想:『這個梵志根本就甚麼都不懂,胡說八道,浪費我的時間。』。世尊!當時的我按耐住脾氣,不然我真想砍斷他的頭顱,我不發一語,隨即將他給打發走。

    後來,我又問阿夷耑大師同樣的問題,阿夷耑回答:『若於江左殺害眾生,作罪無量,沒有任何的罪過,亦無惡果報。』。世尊!當時的我心想:『我的問題是到底有沒有現世報?此人竟然跟我胡說八道,鬼扯一通。這就猶如有人問什麼是梨子?對方卻回答那是芒果。』。我當下轉身離去。

    我又問瞿耶樓大師同樣的問題,他竟然回答我:『就算於江右邊造諸無量的功德善業,也沒有分毫的善報。』。此人的回答也讓我很失望,於是我掉頭就走。

    我又問波休迦栴大師同樣的問題,他說:『唯有一人出世,一人死,一人往返受其苦樂。』。唉,我完全聽不懂他在說什麼,我問他有沒有現世報這種事情,他卻跟我胡扯什麼生死。我一樣轉身離去。

    我又去問先毘盧持大師同樣的問題,他說:『過去者已滅,更不復生;當來未至,亦復不有;現在不住,住者即變易。』。天哪,我的問題是有沒有現世報?他竟然跟我鬼扯過去、現在、未來等三世。我一樣轉身離去。

    我又去問尼揵子大師同樣的問題,他跟我說:『無因無緣眾生結縛,亦無有因、亦無有緣眾生著結縛,無因無緣眾生清淨。』。我心想,這個梵志真是愚惑,不別真偽,猶如瞎子沒有視力,答非所問。我一樣轉身離去。

    現在,世尊!我也以同樣的問題請教您,這個世上到底有沒有現世作福德善業,在今生就能看到現世善報?懇請世尊演說其義。」

    世尊說:「陛下!我就以一問一答的方式來解答您的問題。陛下!您可有頗受您欣賞的屬下?」

    「當然有。」

    「假設這名屬下為您長年賣命認真工作,您會不會給他賞賜呢?」

    「當然!我一定會論功行賞,給他應得的福利,不令他心中有怨。」

    「同理可證,由此可知,現世作福德善業可於今生現世得受善報。陛下!您既處高位,恤民以禮,如果有人民對國家社稷有大功績,您會不會賞賜給這個人民?」

    「當然!世尊!如果這個人真的對國家社稷有大貢獻,我一定會給他高官厚祿,讓他有享不盡的榮華富貴。」

    「由此可知,昔日出身極為卑微的人,因為他對國家社稷不斷累積功德,因此他能得享殊勝的榮耀與福利,這不就是現世作福業得受現世善報的證明?

    佛陀又說:「這個於社稷有功之人,經過幾年之後,他來跟陛下提出一些請求,陛下會答應他的請求嗎?」

    「隨他所願,我都會答應。」

    佛陀說:「假設這個於社稷有功之人想要辭職,他要剃除鬚髮,穿著三法衣,出家學道,修清淨行,陛下會答應嗎?」

    「當然,我一定會答應。」

    佛陀又問:「假設陛下日後遇見這個出家的比丘在我的左右,陛下會有何反應?」

    「我一定會對他承事供養,並隨時禮拜。」

    「這不就是現世造福得受現世善報的證明嗎?假設這名於社稷有功之人,出家之後持戒完具,無有所犯,陛下會如何對待他?」

    「我一定終生供給他衣被、飲食、床敷臥具、病瘦醫藥等一切民生所需,令其不虞匱乏。」

    「這不就是現世造福得受現世善報的證明嗎?假設此人已作沙門,斷盡一切煩惱,成無漏心解脫、智慧解脫,己身作證而自遊化,生死已盡,梵行已立,所作已辦,更不復受有。陛下又會如何對待他?」

    「一樣!我一定終生供給他衣被、飲食、床敷臥具、病瘦醫藥等一切民生所需,令其不虞匱乏。」

    佛陀說:「這不就是現世造福得受現世善報的證明嗎?假設此人陽壽已盡般涅槃了,陛下又會怎麼作?」

    「我一定於四道十字路口建造大舍利塔,兼以香花供養,懸繒、幡、蓋,對其舍利子禮敬。」

    佛陀說:「這不就是現世造福得受現世善報的證明嗎?

    阿闍世王對佛說:「感恩世尊!我從世尊的譬喻中已找到我要的答案了,今日世尊重演其義,自今爾後信受其義,唯願世尊接受為佛弟子,自皈依佛、法、比丘僧。我今再次懺悔,如愚、如惑,我的父王無過,我卻謀害了他。我今以身命自皈依三寶,唯願世尊除其罪愆,演其妙法,長夜無為,如我自知所作罪報,無有善本。」

    佛陀說:「這世上有兩種人,可以因無罪而過世,他們死後如屈伸手臂的瞬間得以轉生至天界,這兩種人分別是:一、從不造惡業,努力修善業;二、雖曾造過惡業,但知過能改,並廣修善業。以上這兩種人死後都會轉生於天上,亦無留滯。」

    這時,世尊說了以下的偈語:「人作極惡行,悔過轉微薄,日悔無懈息,罪根永已拔。」

    佛陀又說:「是故,陛下!當以正法治國,莫以非法誤國,自古以來凡以正法治國的明君,死後都會轉生至善處天界,他們雖然過世,但都會名留青史,留芳百世,為後人及歷史所稱頌。因為這些明君受到後人的歌功頌德,因此這些明君凡所生之處,都將增長壽命與福祿,不會發生中夭的現象。是故,陛下!當發歡喜之心,皈依佛、法、聖眾三寶。就是這樣,陛下!當如是學習。」

    當佛陀說完之後,阿闍世王隨即從座位起身,跪在地上,額頭觸地,頂禮佛足,然後起身離去。

    就在阿闍世王離去不久,佛陀告訴諸比丘:「假設阿闍世王沒有殺害其父王,那麼剛才他就會在聽法的過程中得證沙門初果,在四雙八輩之中,亦復得賢聖八品道,除去八愛,超越八難。雖然如此,他依然非常幸運,他已獲得無根之信。是故,比丘!你們都應為有罪之人促使其成無根之信。我在此宣告,我在家弟子中得無根信者,當屬阿闍世王。」

    在場的諸比丘聽聞佛陀所說的開釋,都心生歡喜,並依法奉行。

 

增壹阿含437[佛光本386/8](馬血天子問八政品)
  聞如是:
  一時,佛在羅閱城耆婆伽梨園中,與千二百五十弟子俱,盡是阿羅漢,諸漏已盡,六通清徹,唯除一人,阿難比丘也。
  爾時,王阿闍世七月十五日受歲時,夜半明星出現,告月光夫人曰:
  「今十五日月盛滿,極為清明,當應施行何事?」
  夫人報曰:
  「今十五日說戒之日,應當作倡伎樂,五欲自娛樂。」
  時,王聞此語已,不入其懷。王復告優陀耶太子曰:
  「今夜極清明,應作何事?」
  優陀耶太子白王言:
  「如今夜半極清明,應集四種之兵,諸外敵異國不靡伏者,當往攻伐。」
  是時,王阿闍世聞此語已,亦復不入其意。復語無畏太子曰:
  「如今極清明之夜,應何所施行?」
  無畏王子報曰:
  「今不蘭迦葉明諸算數,兼知天文地理,眾人所宗仰,可往至彼問此疑難,彼人當與尊說極妙之理,永無留滯。」
  時,王聞此語已,亦不入其意。復語須尼摩大臣曰:
  「如今之夜極為清明,應何所施行?」
  須尼摩白王言:
  「如今夜半極為清明,然阿夷耑近在不遠,多所曉了,唯願大王往問其宜。」
  王聞此語已,亦復不入其意。復告婆沙婆羅門曰:
  「如今夜半極為清明,應何所施行?」
  婆羅門報曰:
  「如今十五日極為清明,然有瞿耶樓近在不遠,唯願大王往問其義。」
  時,王聞此語已,復不合其意。復語摩特梵志曰:
  「如今夜半極為清明,應作何事?」
  梵志報曰:
  「大王當知,{}[]休迦旃近在不遠,唯願大王往問其情。」
  王聞此語已,復不合其意。復告索摩典兵師曰:
  「如今夜半極為清明,應何所施行?」
  索摩報曰:
  「先畢盧持近在不遠,明諸算術,可往問其義。」
  王聞此言已,亦不合其意。復告最勝大臣曰:
  「如今十五日極為清明,應何所施行?」
  最勝白王言:
  「今有尼揵子,博覽諸經,師中最上,唯願大王往問其義。」
  王聞此語已,不合其意。復作是思惟:
  「此諸人等,斯是愚惑,不別真偽,無有巧便。」
  爾時,耆婆伽王子在王左側,王顧語耆婆伽曰:
  「如今夜半極為清明,應何所施行?」
  是時,耆婆伽即前長跪,而白王言:
  「今如來近在不遠,遊貧聚園中,將千二百五十弟子,唯願大王往問其義,然彼如來為明為光,亦無疑滯,知三世事,靡不貫博,自當與王演說其事,王所有狐疑,㸌然自悟。」
  是時,王阿闍世聞耆婆伽語已,歡喜踊躍,善心生焉,即歎耆婆伽曰:
  「善哉!善哉!王子!快說斯言,所以然者,我今身心極為熾然,又復無故取父王殺,我琲攭]作是念:『誰堪任悟我心意者?』今耆婆伽向所說者,正入我意,甚奇!甚特!聞如來音響,㸌然大悟。」
  時,王向耆婆伽便說此偈:
  「今日極清明,心意不得悟,汝等人人說,應往問誰義。
   不蘭阿夷耑,尼揵梵弟子,斯等不可依,不能有所濟。
   今日極清明,月滿無瑕穢,今問耆婆伽,應往問誰義。」
  是時,耆婆伽復以偈報王曰:
  「聞其柔軟音,得脫摩竭魚,唯願時詣佛,永處無畏境。」
  時,王復以偈報曰:
  「我昔所施行,於佛無益事,害彼真佛子,名曰頻婆娑。
   今極懷羞恥,無顏見世尊,汝今云何說,使吾往見之?」
  是時,耆婆伽復以偈報王曰:
  「諸佛無彼此,諸結永已除,平等無二心,此是佛法義。
   設以栴檀香,以塗右手者,執刀斷左手,心不起增減。
   如愍羅云子,一息更無二,持心向提婆,怨親無有異。
   唯願大王屈,往覲如來顏,當斷其狐疑,勿足有留滯。」
  是時,王阿闍世告耆婆伽王子曰:
  「汝今速嚴駕五百牙象,五百牸象,然五百燈。」
  耆婆伽對曰:「如是,大王!」
  是時,耆婆伽王子即時嚴駕千象,及然五百燈,前白王言:
  「嚴駕已辦,王知是時。」
  爾時,王阿闍世將諸營從,往詣梨園中,中路便懷恐怖,衣毛皆竪,還顧謂耆婆伽王子曰:
  「吾今將非為汝所誤乎?將非持吾與怨家耶?」
  耆婆伽白王:
  「實無此理,唯願大王小復前進,今如來去此不遠。」
  時,王阿闍世意猶懷恐,重告耆婆伽曰:
  「將非為汝所惑,又聞如來將千二百五十弟子,今不聞其聲?」
  耆婆伽報曰:
  「如來弟子琱J三昧,無有亂想,唯願大王小復前進。」
  阿闍世王即下車,步入門至講堂前,默然而立,觀察諸聖眾,還顧謂耆婆伽曰:「如來今在何處?」
  爾時,一切聖眾盡入炎光三昧,照彼講堂,靡不周遍。
  是時,耆婆伽即時長跪,伸右手指示如來言:
  「此是如來,最在中央,如日披雲。」
  是時,王阿闍世語耆婆伽曰:
  「甚奇!甚特!今此聖眾心定乃爾,復以何緣有此光明?」
  耆婆伽白王:「三昧之力故放光明耳。」
  王復告曰:
  「如我今日觀察聖眾,極為寂然,使我優陀耶太子亦當如是寂然無為。」
  時,王阿闍世叉手,自稱說曰:
  「唯願世尊當見觀察。」
  世尊告曰:「善來!大王!」
  王聞如來音響,極懷歡喜,如來乃見稱說王號。
  時,王阿闍世即至佛所,五體投地,以兩手著如來足上,而自稱說:
  「唯願世尊當見垂愍,受其悔過。父王無罪而取害之,唯願受悔,後更不犯,自改往修來。」
  世尊告曰:
  「今正是時,宜時悔過,無令有失。夫人處世,有過能自改者,斯名上人,於我法中極為廣大,宜時懺悔。」
  是時,王禮如來足已,住一面坐。
  時王白佛言:
  「唯願欲有所問,如來聽者,乃敢問耳。」
  佛告王曰:「有疑難者,宜時問之。」
  王白佛言:
  「於現世造福,得受現報不乎?」
  佛告王曰:
  「古昔已來頗以此義,曾問人乎?」
  王白佛言:
  「我昔曾以此義而問他人,[亦問]不蘭迦葉:『云何,不蘭迦葉!現世作福得受現報乎?』不蘭迦葉報我言:『無福、無施,無今世、後世善惡之報,世無阿羅漢等成就者。』當我爾時問此受果之報,彼報曰:『無也。』如有人問以瓜義,報以㮈理,今此迦葉亦復如是。時,我作是念:『此梵志已不解義,豪族王種所問之義,此人方便引餘事報。』時,我,世尊!我即欲斷其頭,即不受其語,尋發遣之。
  時,我復至阿夷耑所而問此義,阿夷耑報我言:『若於江左殺害眾生,作罪無量,亦無有罪,亦無惡果之報。』時我,世尊!復作是念:『我今問現世受報之義,此人乃持殺害報吾,猶如有人問梨之義,以㮈報之。』即捨之去。
  復至瞿耶樓所而問此義,彼人報我曰:『於江右邊造諸功德,不可稱計,於中亦無善之報。』我爾時復作是念:『吾今所問義者,竟不報其理。』復捨之去。
  復往至{}[]休迦栴所而問斯義,彼人報曰:『唯有一人出世,一人死,一人往返受其苦樂。』時,我復作是念:『我今所問現世之報,乃將生死來相答。』復捨之去。
  往問先毘盧持如此之義,彼人報我言:『過去者{}[]滅,更不復生,當來未至,亦復不有,現在不住,住者即變易。』時,我復作是念:『我今所問現世之報,乃持三世相酬,此非正理。』即復捨去。
  至尼揵子所而問此義:『云何,尼揵子!頗有現世作福得受現世報也?』彼報我言:『無因無緣眾生結縛,亦無有因、亦無有緣眾生著結縛,無因無緣眾生清淨。』時,我復作是念:『此梵志等斯是愚惑,不別真{}[],猶盲無目,所問之義,竟不相報,如似弄轉輪聖王種。』尋復捨之去。今我,世尊!故問其義,現世作福現受報也?唯願世尊演說其義。」
  爾時,世尊告曰:
  「大王!我今問汝義,隨所樂報之。大王!頗有典酒、厨宰賞護物左右使人乎?」
  王白佛言:「唯然,有之。」
  「設彼使人執勞經久,復當賞遺不乎?」
  王白佛言:「隨功敘用,不令有怨。」
  佛告王曰:
  「以此方便,知現世作福得受現報。云何,大王!既處高位,恤民以禮,當復賞遺不乎?」
  王白佛言:
  「唯然,世尊!食共同甘,并命不恨。」
  佛告王曰:
  「當以此方便,知:昔日出處極卑,漸漸積功,與王同歡,以是之故,現世作福得受現報。」
  佛告王曰:
  「彼有勞之人,經歷年歲,來白王言:『我等功勞已立,王所{}[]知,欲從王求意所願。』王當以與不乎?」
  王白佛言:「隨彼所願而不違之。」
  佛告王曰:
  「彼有勞之人,欲得辭王,剃除鬚髮,著三法衣,出家學道,修清淨行,王聽不乎?」
  王白佛言:「唯然,聽之。」
  佛告王曰:
  「設王見彼剃除鬚髮,出家學道,在我左右,王欲何所施為?」
  王白佛言:「承事供養,隨時禮拜。」
  佛告王曰:
  「以此方便,知現作福得受現報。設彼有勞之人,持戒完具,無有所犯,王欲何所施行?」
  王白佛言:
  「盡其形壽供給衣被、飲食、床敷臥具、病瘦醫藥,不使缺減。」
  佛告王曰:
  「以此方便,知現身作福得受現報。設復彼人已作沙門,盡有漏,成無漏心解脫、智慧解脫,己身作證而自遊化,生死已盡,梵行已立,所作已辦,更不復受有,如實知之,王欲何為?」
  王白佛言:
  「我當盡形壽承事供養衣被、飲食,床臥具、病瘦醫藥,不令有乏。」
  佛告王曰:
  「當以此方便,知現世作福得受現報。設復彼人盡其形壽,於無餘涅槃界而般涅槃者,王欲何所施設?」
  王白佛言:
  「當於四道頭起大神寺,兼以香華供養,懸繒、幡、蓋,承事禮敬,所以然者,彼是天身,非為人身。」
  佛告王曰:
  「當以此方便,知現世作福得受現報。」
  王白佛言:
  「我今以此譬喻於中受解,今日世尊重演其義,自今已後信受其義,唯願世尊受為弟子,自歸於佛、法、比丘僧。今復懺悔,如愚、如惑,父王無過而取害之,今以身命自歸,唯願世尊除其罪𠎝(),演其妙法,長夜無為,如我自知所作罪報,無有善本。」
  佛告王曰:
  「世有二種人,無罪而命終,如屈伸臂頃得生天上,云何為二?一者不造罪本而修其善,二者為罪改其所造,是謂二人而取命終生於天上,亦無{}[]滯。」
  爾時,世尊便說此偈:
  「人作極惡行,悔過轉微薄,日悔無懈息,罪根永已拔。
  是故,大王!當以法治化,莫以非法,夫以法治化者,身壞命終生善處天上,彼{}[]命終,名譽遠布,周聞四方,後人共傳:『昔日有王,正法治化,無有阿曲。』人以稱傳彼人所生之處,增壽益算,無有中夭。是故,大王!當發歡喜之心,向三尊,佛、法、聖眾。如是,大王!當作是學。」
  爾時,阿闍世王即從座起,頭面禮佛足,便退而去。
  王去不遠,佛告諸比丘:
  「今此阿闍世王不取父王害者,今日應得初沙門果證,在四雙八輩之中,亦復得賢聖八品道,除去八愛,超越八難,雖爾,今猶獲大幸,得無根之信。是故,比丘!為罪之人當求方便,成無根之信,我優婆塞中得無根信者,所謂阿闍世是也。」
  爾時,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。


長阿含27/沙門果經(第三分)
  如是我聞:
  一時,佛在羅閱祇耆舊童子菴婆園中,與大比丘眾千二百五十人俱。
  爾時,王阿闍世韋提希子以十五日月滿時,命一夫人而告之曰:
  「今夜清明,與晝無異,當何所為作?」
  夫人白王言:
  「今十五日夜月滿時,與晝無異,宜沐髮澡浴,與諸婇女五欲自娛。」
  時,王又命第一太子優耶婆陀而告之曰:
  「今夜月十五日月滿時,與晝無異,當何所施作?」
  太子白王言:
  「今夜十五日月滿時,與晝無異,宜集四兵,與共謀議伐於邊逆,然後還此共相娛樂。」
  時,王又命勇健大將而告之曰:
  「今十五日月滿時,其夜清明,與晝無異,當何所為作?」
  大將白言:
  「今夜清明,與晝無異,宜集四兵,案{}[?]天下,知有逆順。」
  時,王又命雨舍婆羅門而告之曰:
  「今十五日月滿時,其夜清明,與晝無異,當詣何等沙門、婆羅門所能開悟我心?」
  時,雨舍白言:
  「今夜清明,與晝無異,有不蘭迦葉於大眾中而為導首,多有知識,名稱遠聞,猶如大海多所容受,眾所供養,大王!宜往詣彼問訊,王若見者,心或開悟。」
  王又命雨舍弟須尼陀而告之曰:
  「今夜清明,與晝無異,宜詣何等沙門、婆羅門所能開悟我心?」
  須尼陀白言:
  「今夜清明,與晝無異,有末伽梨瞿舍利於大眾中而為導首,多有知識,名稱遠聞,猶如大海無不容受,眾所供養,大王!宜往詣彼問訊,王若見者,心或開悟。」
  王又命典作大臣而告之曰:
  「今夜清明,與晝無異,當詣何等沙門、婆羅門所能開悟我心?」
  典作大臣白言:
  「有阿耆多翅舍欽婆羅於大眾中而為導首,多有知識,名稱遠聞,猶如大海無不容受,眾所供養,大王!宜往詣彼問訊,王若見者,心或開悟。」
  王又命伽羅守門將而告之曰:
  「今夜清明,與晝無異,當詣何等沙門、婆羅門所能開悟我心?」
  伽羅守門將白言:
  「有婆浮陀伽旃那於大眾中而為導首,多有知識,名稱遠聞,猶如大海無不容受,眾所供養,大王!宜往詣彼問訊,王若見者,心或開悟。」
  王又命優陀夷漫提子而告之曰:
  「今夜清明,與晝無異,當詣何等沙門、婆羅門所能開悟我心?」
  優陀夷白言:
  「有散若夷毘羅梨沸於大眾中而為導首,多所知識,名稱遠聞,猶如大海無不容受,眾所供養,大王!宜往詣彼問訊,王若見者,心或開悟。」
  王又命弟無畏而告之曰:
  「今夜清明,與晝無異,當詣何{}[?]沙門、婆羅門所能開悟我心?」
  弟無畏白言:
  「有尼乾子於大眾中而為導首,多所知識,名稱遠聞,猶如大海無不容受,眾所供養,大王!宜往詣彼問訊,王若見者,心或開悟。」
  王又命壽命童子而告之曰:
  「今夜清明,與晝無異,當詣何等沙門、婆羅門所[]開悟我心?」
  壽命童子白言:
  「有佛、世尊今在我菴婆園中,大王!宜往詣彼問訊,王若見者,心必開悟。」
  王勑壽命言:
  「嚴我所乘寶象及餘五百白象。」
  耆舊受教,即嚴王象及五百象訖,白王言:
  「嚴駕已備,唯願知時。」
  阿闍世王自乘寶象,使五百夫人乘五百牝象,手各執炬,現王威嚴,出羅閱祇,欲詣佛所。
  小行進路,告壽命曰:
  「汝今誑我,陷固於我,引我大眾欲與冤家。」
  壽命白言:
  「大王!我不敢欺王,不敢陷固,引王大眾以與冤家,王但前進,必獲福慶。」
  時,王小復前進,告壽命言:
  「汝欺誑我,陷固於我,欲引我眾持與冤家。」如是再三。「所以者何?彼有大眾千二百五十人,寂然無聲,將有謀也。」
  壽命復再三白言:
  「大王!我不敢欺誑陷固,引王大眾持與冤家,王但前進,必獲福慶,所以者何?彼沙門法常樂閑靜,是以無聲,王但前進,園林已現。」
  阿闍世王到園門,下象、解劍、退蓋,去五威儀,步入園門,告壽命曰:
  「今佛、世尊為在何所?」
  壽命報言:
  「大王!今佛在高堂上,前有明燈,世尊處師子座,南面而坐,王小前進,自見世尊。」
  爾時,阿闍世王往詣講堂所,於外洗足,然後上堂,默然四顧,生歡喜心,口自發言:
  「今,諸沙門寂然靜默,止觀具足,願使我太子優婆耶亦止觀成就,與此無異。」
  爾時,世尊告阿闍世王曰:
  「汝念子故,口自發言:『願使太子優婆耶亦止觀成就,與此無異。』汝可前坐。」
  時,阿闍世王即前頭面禮佛足,於一面坐,而白佛言:
  「今欲有所問,若有閑暇,乃敢請問。」
  佛言:
  「大王!欲有問者,便可問也。」
  阿闍世王白佛言:
  「世尊!如今人乘象、馬車,習刀、{}[]、劍、弓矢、兵仗、戰鬪之法,王子、力士、大力士、僮使、皮師、剃髮師、織鬘師、車師、瓦師、竹師、葦師,皆以種種伎術以自存生,自恣娛樂,父母、妻子、奴僕、僮使共相娛樂,如此營生,現有果報,今諸沙門現在所修,現得果報不?」
  佛告王曰:
  「汝頗曾詣諸沙門、婆羅門所問如此義不?」
  王白佛言:
  「我曾詣沙門、婆羅門所問如是義。我念一時至不蘭迦葉所,問言:『如人乘象、馬車,習於兵法,乃至種種營生,現有果報,今此眾現在修道,現得果報不?』彼不蘭迦葉報我言:『王若自作,若教人作,{}[?]伐殘害,煮{}[?]切割,惱亂眾生,愁憂啼哭,殺生、偷盜,婬逸、妄語,踰牆劫奪,放火焚燒,斷道為惡,大王!行如此事,非為惡也。大王!若以利劍臠割一切眾生,以為肉聚,彌滿世間,此非為惡,亦無罪報。於琱糮n[]臠割眾生,亦無有惡報。於琱竷_岸為大施會,施一切眾,利人、等利,亦無福報。』」
  王白佛言:
  「猶如有人問瓜報李,問李報瓜,彼亦如是,我問現得報不?而彼答{}[?]無罪福報,我即自念言:『我是剎利王水澆頭種,無緣殺出家人,繫縛驅遣。』時,我懷忿結心,作此念已,即便捨去。」
  又白佛言:
  「我於一時至末伽梨拘舍梨所,問言:『如今人乘象、馬車,習於兵法,乃至種種營生,皆現有果報,今者此眾現在修道,現得報不?』彼報我言:『大王!無施、無與,無祭祀法,亦無善惡,無善惡報,無有今世,亦無後世,無父、無母,無天、無化、無眾生,世無沙門、婆羅門平等行者,亦無今世、後世,自身作證,布現他人,諸言有者,皆是虛妄。』世尊!猶如有人問瓜報李,問李報瓜。彼亦如是,我問現得報不?彼乃以無義答。我即自念言:『我是剎利王水澆頭種,無緣殺出家人,繫縛驅遣。』時,我懷忿結心,作此念已,即便捨去。」
  又白佛言:
  「我於一時至阿夷陀翅舍欽婆羅所,問言:『大德!如人乘象、馬車,習於兵法,乃至種種營生,皆現有果報,今者此眾現在修道,現得報不?』彼報我言:『受四大人取命終者,地大還歸地,水還歸水,火還歸火,風還歸風,皆悉壞敗,諸根歸空,若人死時,牀輿舉身置於塚間,火燒其骨如鴿色,或變為灰土,若愚、若智取命終者,皆悉壞敗,為斷滅法。』世尊!猶如有人問李瓜報[,問瓜李報],彼亦如是,我問現得報不?而彼答我以斷滅。我即念言:『我是剎利王水澆頭種,無緣殺出家人,繫縛驅遣。』時,我懷忿結心,作此念已,即便捨去。」
  又白佛言:
  「我昔一時至{}[]浮陀伽旃延所,問言:『大德!如人乘象、馬車,習於兵法,乃至種種營生,皆現有果報,今者此眾現在修道,[]得報不?』彼答我言:『大王!無力、無精進,人無力、無方便,無因無緣眾生染著,無因無緣眾生清淨,一切眾生有命之類皆悉無力,不得自在,無有冤讐,定在數中,於此六生中受諸苦樂。』猶如問李瓜報,問瓜李報,彼亦如是,我問現得報不?彼已無力答我。我即自念言:『我是剎利王水澆頭種,無緣殺出家人,繫縛驅遣。』時,我懷忿結心,作此念已,即便捨去。」
  又白佛言:
  「我昔一時至散若毘羅梨子所,問言:『大德!如人乘象、馬車,習於兵法,乃至種種營生,皆現有果報,今者此眾現在修道,現得報不?』彼答我言:『大王!現有沙門果報,問如是,答此事如是,此事實,此事異,此事非異非不異。大王!現無沙門果報,問如是,答此事如是,此事實,此事異,此事非異非不異。大王!現有無沙門果報,問如是,答此事如是,此事實,此事異,此事非異非不異。大王!現非有非無沙門果報,問如是,答此事如是,此事實,此事異,此事非異非不異。』世尊!猶如人問李瓜報,問瓜李報,彼亦如是,我問現得報不?而彼異論答我。我即自念言:『我是剎利王水澆頭種,無緣殺出家人,繫縛驅遣。』時,我懷忿結心,作是念已,即便捨去。」
  又白佛言:
  「我昔一時至尼乾子所,問言:『大德!猶如人乘象、馬車,乃至種種營生,現有果報,今者此眾現在修道,現得報不?』彼報我言:『大王!我是一切智、一切見人,盡知無餘,若行,若住、坐、臥,覺{}[]無餘,智常現在前。』世尊!猶如人問李瓜報,問瓜李報,彼亦如是,我問現得報不?而彼答我以一切智。我即自念言:『我是剎利王水澆頭種,無緣殺出家人,繫縛驅遣。』時,我懷忿結心,作此念已,即便捨去。
  是故,世尊!今我來此問如是義,如人乘象、馬車,習於兵法,乃至種種營生,皆現有果報,今者沙門現在修道,現得報不?」
  佛告阿闍世王曰:
  「我今還問王,隨意所答。云何?大王!王家僮使、內外作人,皆見王於十五日月滿時沐髮澡浴,在高殿上與諸婇女共相娛樂,作此念言:『咄哉!行之果報乃至是乎?此王阿闍世以十五日月滿時沐髮澡浴,於高殿上與諸婇女五欲自娛,誰能知此乃是行報者?』彼於後時,剃除鬚髮,服三法衣,出家修道,行平等法。云何?大王!大王遙見此人來,寧復起念言:『是我僕使不耶?』」
  王白佛言:
  「不也。世尊!若見彼來,當起迎請坐。」
  佛言:「此豈非沙門現得報耶?」
  王言:
  「如是,世尊!此是現得沙門報也。」
  「復次,大王!若王界內寄居客人食王廩賜,見王於十五日月滿時,沐髮澡浴,於高殿上與諸婇女五欲自娛,彼作是念:『咄哉!彼行之報乃如是耶?誰能知此乃是行報者?』彼於後時,剃除鬚髮,服三法衣,出家修道,行平等法。云何?大王!大王若遙見此人來,寧復起念言:『是我客民,食我廩賜耶?』」
  王言:
  「不也,若我見其遠來,當起迎禮敬,問訊請坐。」
  「云何?大王!此非沙門現得果報耶?」
  王言:「如是,現得沙門報也。」
  「復次,大王!如來、至真、等正覺出現於世,入我法者,乃至三明滅諸闇冥,生大智明,所謂漏盡智證,所以者何?斯由精勤,專念不忘,樂獨閑靜,不放逸故,云何?大王!此非沙門現在果報也?」
  王報言:
  「如是,世尊!實是沙門現在果報。」
  爾時,阿闍世王即從{}[]起,頭面禮佛足,白佛言:
  「唯願世尊受我悔過,我為狂愚癡冥無識,我父摩竭瓶沙王以法治化,無有偏枉,而我迷惑五欲,實害父王,唯願世尊加哀慈愍,受我悔過。」
  佛告王曰:
  「汝愚冥無識,但自悔過,汝迷於五欲乃害父王,今於賢聖法中能悔過者,即自饒益,吾愍汝故,受汝悔過。」
  爾時,阿闍世王禮世尊足已,還一面坐,佛為說法,示、教、利、喜。王聞佛教已,即白佛言:
  「我今歸依佛,歸依法,歸依僧,聽我於正法中為優婆塞,自今已後,盡形壽不殺、不盜、不婬、不欺、不飲酒,唯願世尊及諸大眾明受我請。」
  爾時,世尊默然許可。
  時,王見佛默然受請已,即起禮佛,遶三匝而還。
  其去未久,佛告諸比丘言:
  「此阿闍世王過罪損減,已拔重咎。若阿闍世王不殺父者,即當於此{}[]上得法眼淨,而阿闍世王今自悔過,罪咎損減,已拔重咎。」
  時,阿闍世王至於中路,告壽命童子言:
  「善哉!善哉!汝今於我多所饒益,汝先稱說如來,指授開發,然後將我詣世尊所,得蒙開悟,深識汝恩,終不遺忘。」
  時,王還宮辦諸餚饍種種飲食,明日時到,唯聖知時。
  爾時,世尊著衣持鉢,與眾弟子千二百五十人俱往詣王宮,就座而坐。時,王手自斟酌,供佛及僧,食訖去鉢,行澡水畢,禮世尊足,白言:
  「我今再三悔過,我為狂愚癡冥無識,我父摩竭瓶沙王以法治化,無有偏抂,而我迷於五欲,實害父王,唯願世尊加哀慈愍,受我悔過。」
  佛告王曰:
  「汝愚冥無識,迷於五欲乃害父王,今於賢聖法中能悔過者即自饒益,吾今愍汝,受汝悔過。」
  時,王禮佛足已,取一小座於佛前坐,佛為說法,示、教、利、喜。王聞佛教已,又白佛言:
  「我今再三歸依佛,歸依法,歸依僧,唯願聽我於正法中為優婆塞,自今已後,盡形壽不殺、不盜、不婬、不欺、不飲酒。」
  爾時,世尊為阿闍世王說法,示、教、利、喜已,從{}[]起而去。
  爾時,阿闍世王及壽命童子聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。

摩訶僧祇律(明單提九十二事法之七/第五跋渠)(莊春江標點)
  佛住王舍城,……廣說如上。
  爾時,韋提希子阿闍世王十五日月盛滿時,洗浴塗身,著新淨衣,與諸群臣在正殿上。
  時,王語一大臣言:
  「今是月盛滿日,我等當詣何處沙門、婆羅門,能得長養善根處?」
  大臣答言:
  「不蘭迦葉在王舍城中,是大沙門,亦有大眾,王應往彼,能長養善根。」
  王默然不答。
  復有一臣言:
  「是薩遮尼乾子在王舍城中,是大沙門,可往詣彼,能長養善根。」
  如是,一一大臣是外道弟子者,各各稱讚其師,皆言:「應往詣彼,能長養善根。」
  爾時,耆舊童子在阿闍世王後,執蓋而侍,王告童子:
  「眾人皆語,汝何故默然不言?今月盛滿,應詣何處得長養善根?」
  童子白王:
  「世尊今在我菴婆羅園中,與千二百五十比丘共在彼住,若往彼者,可長養善根。」
  王即可其所言,便告耆舊童子:
  「汝速嚴駕五百牸象,一一象上載一夫人。」
  時,耆舊童子即如教嚴駕。
  嚴駕訖,往白王言:
  「嚴駕已辦,宜知是時。」
  時,阿闍世王與五百夫人夜半時執炬燈明,前後圍繞,出王舍城,詣菴婆羅園。
  欲到園門時,諸比丘皆悉坐禪,王即悚然,顧謂童子:
  「汝云有千二百五十比丘在汝園中,云何如是大眾寂然無聲?汝將無欺誑我耶?」
  童子報言:「實不欺王,但當直前。」
  童子即指示言:
  「此大堂中燃燈明處,世尊當中坐,威德特尊,巍巍無上,猶如牛王在牛群中;如師子王在眾獸中;如雪山六牙白象王在象群中;猶如琲e深淵澄靜無聲,大眾默然亦復如是,又如大海無量水歸,世尊大眾功德無量亦復如是。」
  爾時,阿闍世王小復前行,下乘步進至佛所,遶佛、大眾三匝而住,語童子言:
  「世尊大眾寂然清淨,功德成就,願使我子優陀夷跋陀功德成就,亦得如是。」
  佛告大王:「隨所求願皆當得之。」
  時,王敷座,請佛令坐。
  佛語:「大王自坐,佛自有座。」
  時,王頭面禮佛足,禮佛足已却坐一面,白佛言:
  「世尊!欲有所問,唯願聽許。」
  佛告大王:「恣所欲問,當為汝說。」
  王白佛言:
  「世尊!此中種種工師於佛法中出家,可現世得沙門果不?」
  ……如現法沙門果經中廣說。
  爾時,說法經久,諸夫人著寶瓔珞重故,各各解置座前。
  時,阿闍世王有殺父罪故,心常驚怖,聞城中鼓聲、吹貝聲、象聲、馬聲,王大怖畏,即告諸夫人:「可還入城!可還入城!」
  夫人去速,忘不取瓔珞。
  還宮中已,到明清旦,王大夫人欲著瓔珞,求覓不得。
  著衣人言:「昨來倉卒,恐忘在彼。」
  如是,諸夫人皆云:
  「忘瓔珞如是眾多,若白王者,王或嫌責。」
  爾時,有青衣白王言:
  「諸夫人昨夜還速,多忘瓔珞。」
  時,有外道婆羅門,是王師,共王在坐,即語王言:
  「若忘在彼,諸沙門皆當藏去,假令往求,會不可得。」
  時,王遣可信人試往推求,見佛大眾儼然而坐,及見諸夫人瓔珞悉在本處,日光照曜,光焰赫然,即收持還,具以白王。
  王大歡喜言:
  「佛諸沙門真良福田,無貪、無欲,特可信者,無過是眾,願常在我國中,我當盡形供養。」
  王即告諸夫人:
  「是汝瓔珞各各還取,不得雜亂,競取好者。」
  諸比丘聞王外道師作是語,以是因緣,往白世尊。
  佛告諸比丘:
  「寶悉現在,不取已生人謗,況復取者。從今日後,不聽取寶。」

巴利語經文
DN.2/(2) Sāmaññaphalasuttaṃ
Rājāmaccakathā
   150. Evaṃ me sutaṃ– ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā rājagahe viharati jīvakassa komārabhaccassa ambavane mahatā bhikkhusaṅghena saddhiṃ aḍḍhateḷasehi bhikkhusatehi. Tena kho pana samayena rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto tadahuposathe pannarase komudiyā cātumāsiniyā puṇṇāya puṇṇamāya rattiyā rājāmaccaparivuto uparipāsādavaragato nisinno hoti. Atha kho rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto tadahuposathe udānaṃ udānesi– “ramaṇīyā vata bho dosinā ratti, abhirūpā vata bho dosinā ratti, dassanīyā vata bho dosinā ratti, pāsādikā vata bho dosinā ratti, lakkhaññā vata bho dosinā ratti. Kaṃ nu khvajja samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā payirupāseyyāma, yaṃ no payirupāsato cittaṃ pasīdeyyā”ti?
   151. Evaṃ vutte, aññataro rājāmacco rājānaṃ māgadhaṃ ajātasattuṃ vedehiputtaṃ etadavoca– “ayaṃ, deva, pūraṇo kassapo saṅghī ceva gaṇī ca gaṇācariyo ca ñāto yasassī titthakaro sādhusammato bahujanassa rattaññū cirapabbajito addhagato vayo-anuppatto. Taṃ devo pūraṇaṃ kassapaṃ payirupāsatu. Appeva nāma devassa pūraṇaṃ kassapaṃ payirupāsato cittaṃ pasīdeyyā”ti. Evaṃ vutte, rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto tuṇhī ahosi.
   152. Aññataropi kho rājāmacco rājānaṃ māgadhaṃ ajātasattuṃ vedehiputtaṃ etadavoca– “ayaṃ, deva, makkhali gosālo saṅghī ceva gaṇī ca gaṇācariyo ca ñāto yasassī titthakaro sādhusammato bahujanassa rattaññū cirapabbajito addhagato vayo-anuppatto. Taṃ devo makkhaliṃ gosālaṃ payirupāsatu. Appeva nāma devassa makkhaliṃ gosālaṃ payirupāsato cittaṃ pasīdeyyā”ti. Evaṃ vutte, rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto tuṇhī ahosi.
   153. Aññataropi kho rājāmacco rājānaṃ māgadhaṃ ajātasattuṃ vedehiputtaṃ etadavoca– “ayaṃ, deva, ajito kesakambalo saṅghī ceva gaṇī ca gaṇācariyo ca ñāto yasassī titthakaro sādhusammato bahujanassa rattaññū cirapabbajito addhagato vayo-anuppatto. Taṃ devo ajitaṃ kesakambalaṃ payirupāsatu. Appeva nāma devassa ajitaṃ kesakambalaṃ payirupāsato cittaṃ pasīdeyyā”ti. Evaṃ vutte, rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto tuṇhī ahosi.
   154. Aññataropi kho rājāmacco rājānaṃ māgadhaṃ ajātasattuṃ vedehiputtaṃ etadavoca– “ayaṃ, deva, pakudho kaccāyano saṅghī ceva gaṇī ca gaṇācariyo ca ñāto yasassī titthakaro sādhusammato bahujanassa rattaññū cirapabbajito addhagato vayo-anuppatto. Taṃ devo pakudhaṃ kaccāyanaṃ payirupāsatu. Appeva nāma devassa pakudhaṃ kaccāyanaṃ payirupāsato cittaṃ pasīdeyyā”ti. Evaṃ vutte, rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto tuṇhī ahosi.
   155. Aññataropi kho rājāmacco rājānaṃ māgadhaṃ ajātasattuṃ vedehiputtaṃ etadavoca– “ayaṃ, deva, sañcayo belaṭṭhaputto saṅghī ceva gaṇī ca gaṇācariyo ca ñāto yasassī titthakaro sādhusammato bahujanassa rattaññū cirapabbajito addhagato vayo-anuppatto. Taṃ devo sañcayaṃ belaṭṭhaputtaṃ payirupāsatu. Appeva nāma devassa sañcayaṃ belaṭṭhaputtaṃ payirupāsato cittaṃ pasīdeyyā”ti. Evaṃ vutte, rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto tuṇhī ahosi.
   156. Aññataropi kho rājāmacco rājānaṃ māgadhaṃ ajātasattuṃ vedehiputtaṃ etadavoca– “ayaṃ, deva, nigaṇṭho nāṭaputto saṅghī ceva gaṇī ca gaṇācariyo ca ñāto yasassī titthakaro sādhusammato bahujanassa rattaññū cirapabbajito addhagato vayo-anuppatto. Taṃ devo nigaṇṭhaṃ nāṭaputtaṃ payirupāsatu. Appeva nāma devassa nigaṇṭhaṃ nāṭaputtaṃ payirupāsato cittaṃ pasīdeyyā”ti. Evaṃ vutte, rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto tuṇhī ahosi.
Komārabhaccajīvakakathā
   157. Tena kho pana samayena jīvako komārabhacco rañño māgadhassa ajātasattussa vedehiputtassa avidūre tuṇhībhūto nisinno hoti. Atha kho rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto jīvakaṃ komārabhaccaṃ etadavoca– “tvaṃ pana, samma jīvaka, kiṃ tuṇhī”ti? “Ayaṃ, deva, bhagavā arahaṃ sammāsambuddho amhākaṃ ambavane viharati mahatā bhikkhusaṅghena saddhiṃ aḍḍhateḷasehi bhikkhusatehi. Taṃ kho pana bhagavantaṃ evaṃ kalyāṇo kittisaddo abbhuggato– ‘itipi so bhagavā arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vijjācaraṇasampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathi satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā’ti. Taṃ devo bhagavantaṃ payirupāsatu. Appeva nāma devassa bhagavantaṃ payirupāsato cittaṃ pasīdeyyā’ti.
   158. “Tena hi, samma jīvaka, hatthiyānāni kappāpehī”ti. “Evaṃ, devā”ti kho jīvako komārabhacco rañño māgadhassa ajātasattussa vedehiputtassa paṭissuṇitvā pañcamattāni hatthinikāsatāni kappāpetvā rañño ca ārohaṇīyaṃ nāgaṃ, rañño māgadhassa ajātasattussa vedehiputtassa paṭivedesi– “kappitāni kho te, deva, hatthiyānāni, yassadāni kālaṃ maññasī”ti.
   159. Atha kho rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto pañcasu hatthinikāsatesu paccekā itthiyo āropetvā ārohaṇīyaṃ nāgaṃ abhiruhitvā ukkāsu dhāriyamānāsu rājagahamhā niyyāsi mahaccarājānubhāvena, yena jīvakassa komārabhaccassa ambavanaṃ tena pāyāsi.
   Atha kho rañño māgadhassa ajātasattussa vedehiputtassa avidūre ambavanassa ahudeva bhayaṃ, ahu chambhitattaṃ, ahu lomahaṃso. Atha kho rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto bhīto saṃviggo lomahaṭṭhajāto jīvakaṃ komārabhaccaṃ etadavoca– “kacci maṃ, samma jīvaka, na vañcesi? Kacci maṃ, samma jīvaka, na palambhesi? Kacci maṃ, samma jīvaka, na paccatthikānaṃ desi Kathañhi nāma tāva mahato bhikkhusaṅghassa aḍḍhateḷasānaṃ bhikkhusatānaṃ neva khipitasaddo bhavissati, na ukkāsitasaddo na nigghoso”ti.
   “Mā bhāyi, mahārāja, mā bhāyi, mahārāja. Na taṃ deva, vañcemi; na taṃ, deva, palambhāmi na taṃ, deva, paccatthikānaṃ demi. Abhikkama, mahārāja, abhikkama, mahārāja, ete maṇḍalamāḷe dīpā jhāyantī”ti.
Sāmaññaphalapucchā
   160. Atha kho rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto yāvatikā nāgassa bhūmi nāgena gantvā, nāgā paccorohitvā, pattikova yena maṇḍalamāḷassa dvāraṃ tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā jīvakaṃ komārabhaccaṃ etadavoca– “kahaṃ pana, samma jīvaka, bhagavā”ti? “Eso, mahārāja, bhagavā; eso, mahārāja, bhagavā majjhimaṃ thambhaṃ nissāya puratthābhimukho nisinno purakkhato bhikkhusaṅghassā”ti.
   161. Atha kho rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā ekamantaṃ aṭṭhāsi. Ekamantaṃ ṭhito kho rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto tuṇhībhūtaṃ tuṇhībhūtaṃ bhikkhusaṅghaṃ anuviloketvā rahadamiva vippasannaṃ udānaṃ udānesi– “iminā me upasamena udayabhaddo kumāro samannāgato hotu, yenetarahi upasamena bhikkhusaṅgho samannāgato”ti. “Agamā kho tvaṃ, mahārāja, yathāpeman”ti. “Piyo me, bhante, udayabhaddo kumāro. Iminā me, bhante, upasamena udayabhaddo kumāro samannāgato hotu yenetarahi upasamena bhikkhusaṅgho samannāgato”ti.
   162. Atha kho rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā, bhikkhusaṅghassa añjaliṃ paṇāmetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto bhagavantaṃ etadavoca– “puccheyyāmahaṃ, bhante, bhagavantaṃ kiñcideva desaṃ; sace me bhagavā okāsaṃ karoti pañhassa veyyākaraṇāyā”ti. “Puccha, mahārāja, yadākaṅkhasī”ti.
   163. “Yathā nu kho imāni, bhante, puthusippāyatanāni, seyyathidaṃ– hatthārohā assārohā rathikā dhanuggahā celakā calakā piṇḍadāyakā uggā rājaputtā pakkhandino mahānāgā sūrā cammayodhino dāsikaputtā āḷārikā kappakā nhāpakā sūdā mālākārā rajakā pesakārā naḷakārā kumbhakārā gaṇakā muddikā, yāni vā panaññānipi evaṃgatāni puthusippāyatanāni, te diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sippaphalaṃ upajīvanti; te tena attānaṃ sukhenti pīṇenti, mātāpitaro sukhenti pīṇenti, puttadāraṃ sukhenti pīṇenti, mittāmacce sukhenti pīṇenti, samaṇabrāhmaṇesu uddhaggikaṃ dakkhiṇaṃ patiṭṭhapenti sovaggikaṃ sukhavipākaṃ saggasaṃvattanikaṃ. Sakkā nu kho, bhante, evameva diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ paññapetun”ti?
   164. “Abhijānāsi no tvaṃ, mahārāja, imaṃ pañhaṃ aññe samaṇabrāhmaṇe pucchitā”ti “Abhijānāmahaṃ, bhante, imaṃ pañhaṃ aññe samaṇabrāhmaṇe pucchitā”ti. “Yathā kathaṃ pana te, mahārāja, byākariṃsu, sace te agaru bhāsassū”ti. “Na kho me, bhante, garu, yatthassa bhagavā nisinno, bhagavantarūpo vā”ti. “Tena hi, mahārāja, bhāsassū”ti.
Pūraṇakassapavādo
   165. “Ekamidāhaṃ, bhante, samayaṃ yena pūraṇo kassapo tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā pūraṇena kassapena saddhiṃ sammodiṃ. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃ. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho ahaṃ, bhante, pūraṇaṃ kassapaṃ etadavocaṃ– ‘yathā nu kho imāni, bho kassapa, puthusippāyatanāni, seyyathidaṃ – hatthārohā assārohā rathikā dhanuggahā celakā calakā piṇḍadāyakā uggā rājaputtā pakkhandino mahānāgā sūrā cammayodhino dāsikaputtā āḷārikā kappakā nhāpakā sūdā mālākārā rajakā pesakārā naḷakārā kumbhakārā gaṇakā muddikā, yāni vā panaññānipi evaṃgatāni puthusippāyatanāni- te diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sippaphalaṃ upajīvanti; te tena attānaṃ sukhenti pīṇenti, mātāpitaro sukhenti pīṇenti, puttadāraṃ sukhenti pīṇenti, mittāmacce sukhenti pīṇenti, samaṇabrāhmaṇesu uddhaggikaṃ dakkhiṇaṃ patiṭṭhapenti sovaggikaṃ sukhavipākaṃ saggasaṃvattanikaṃ. Sakkā nu kho, bho kassapa, evameva diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ paññapetun’ti?
   166. “Evaṃ vutte, bhante, pūraṇo kassapo maṃ etadavoca– ‘karoto kho, mahārāja, kārayato, chindato chedāpayato, pacato pācāpayato socayato, socāpayato, kilamato kilamāpayato, phandato phandāpayato, pāṇamatipātāpayato, adinnaṃ ādiyato, sandhiṃ chindato, nillopaṃ harato, ekāgārikaṃ karoto, paripanthe tiṭṭhato, paradāraṃ gacchato, musā bhaṇato, karoto na karīyati pāpaṃ. Khurapariyantena cepi cakkena yo imissā pathaviyā pāṇe ekaṃ maṃsakhalaṃ ekaṃ maṃsapuñjaṃ kareyya, natthi tatonidānaṃ pāpaṃ, natthi pāpassa āgamo. Dakkhiṇaṃ cepi gaṅgāya tīraṃ gaccheyya hananto ghātento chindanto chedāpento pacanto pācāpento, natthi tatonidānaṃ pāpaṃ, natthi pāpassa āgamo. Uttarañcepi gaṅgāya tīraṃ gaccheyya dadanto dāpento yajanto yajāpento, natthi tatonidānaṃ puññaṃ, natthi puññassa āgamo. Dānena damena saṃyamena saccavajjena natthi puññaṃ, natthi puññassa āgamo’ti. Itthaṃ kho me, bhante, pūraṇo kassapo sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ puṭṭho samāno akiriyaṃ byākāsi.
   “Seyyathāpi, bhante, ambaṃ vā puṭṭho labujaṃ byākareyya labujaṃ vā puṭṭho ambaṃ byākareyya; evameva kho me, bhante, pūraṇo kassapo sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ puṭṭho samāno akiriyaṃ byākāsi. Tassa mayhaṃ, bhante, etadahosi– ‘kathañhi nāma mādiso samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā vijite vasantaṃ apasādetabbaṃ maññeyyā’ti. So kho ahaṃ, bhante, pūraṇassa kassapassa bhāsitaṃ neva abhinandiṃ nappaṭikkosiṃ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikositvā anattamano, anattamanavācaṃ anicchāretvā, tameva vācaṃ anuggaṇhanto anikkujjanto uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkamiṃ.
Makkhaligosālavādo
   167. “Ekamidāhaṃ, bhante, samayaṃ yena makkhali gosālo tenupasaṅkamiṃ; upasaṅkamitvā makkhalinā gosālena saddhiṃ sammodiṃ. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃ. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho ahaṃ, bhante, makkhaliṃ gosālaṃ etadavocaṃ– ‘yathā nu kho imāni, bho gosāla, puthusippāyatanāni …pe… sakkā nu kho, bho gosāla, evameva diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ paññapetun’ti?
   168. “Evaṃ vutte, bhante, makkhali gosālo maṃ etadavoca– ‘natthi mahārāja hetu natthi paccayo sattānaṃ saṃkilesāya, ahetū apaccayā sattā saṃkilissanti. Natthi hetu, natthi paccayo sattānaṃ visuddhiyā, ahetū apaccayā sattā visujjhanti. Natthi attakāre, natthi parakāre, natthi purisakāre, natthi balaṃ, natthi vīriyaṃ, natthi purisathāmo, natthi purisaparakkamo Sabbe sattā sabbe pāṇā sabbe bhūtā sabbe jīvā avasā abalā avīriyā niyatisaṅgatibhāvapariṇatā chasvevābhijātīsu sukhadukkhaṃ paṭisaṃvedenti. Cuddasa kho panimāni yonipamukhasatasahassāni saṭṭhi ca satāni cha ca satāni pañca ca kammuno satāni pañca ca kammāni tīṇi ca kammāni kamme ca aḍḍhakamme ca dvaṭṭhipaṭipadā dvaṭṭhantarakappā chaḷābhijātiyo aṭṭha purisabhūmiyo ekūnapaññāsa ājīvakasate ekūnapaññāsa paribbājakasate ekūnapaññāsa nāgāvāsasate vīse indriyasate tiṃse nirayasate chattiṃsa rajodhātuyo satta saññīgabbhā satta asaññīgabbhā satta nigaṇṭhigabbhā satta devā satta mānusā satta pisācā satta sarā satta pavuṭā satta pavuṭasatāni satta papātā satta papātasatāni satta supinā satta supinasatāni cullāsīti mahākappino satasahassāni, yāni bāle ca paṇḍite ca sandhāvitvā saṃsaritvā dukkhassantaṃ karissanti. Tattha natthi “imināhaṃ sīlena vā vatena vā tapena vā brahmacariyena vā aparipakkaṃ vā kammaṃ paripācessāmi, paripakkaṃ vā kammaṃ phussa phussa byantiṃ karissāmī’ti hevaṃ natthi. Doṇamite sukhadukkhe pariyantakate saṃsāre natthi hāyanavaḍḍhane, natthi ukkaṃsāvakaṃse. Seyyathāpi nāma suttaguḷe khitte nibbeṭhiyamānameva paleti, evameva bāle ca paṇḍite ca sandhāvitvā saṃsaritvā dukkhassantaṃ karissantī’ti.
   169. “Itthaṃ kho me, bhante, makkhali gosālo sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ puṭṭho samāno saṃsārasuddhiṃ byākāsi. Seyyathāpi, bhante, ambaṃ vā puṭṭho labujaṃ byākareyya, labujaṃ vā puṭṭho ambaṃ byākareyya; evameva kho me, bhante, makkhali gosālo sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ puṭṭho samāno saṃsārasuddhiṃ byākāsi. Tassa mayhaṃ, bhante, etadahosi– ‘kathañhi nāma mādiso samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā vijite vasantaṃ apasādetabbaṃ maññeyyā’ti. So kho ahaṃ, bhante, makkhalissa gosālassa bhāsitaṃ neva abhinandiṃ nappaṭikkosiṃ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā anattamano, anattamanavācaṃ anicchāretvā, tameva vācaṃ anuggaṇhanto anikkujjanto uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkamiṃ.
Ajitakesakambalavādo
   170. “Ekamidāhaṃ, bhante, samayaṃ yena ajito kesakambalo tenupasaṅkamiṃ; upasaṅkamitvā ajitena kesakambalena saddhiṃ sammodiṃ. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃ. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho ahaṃ, bhante, ajitaṃ kesakambalaṃ etadavocaṃ– ‘yathā nu kho imāni, bho ajita, puthusippāyatanāni …pe… sakkā nu kho, bho ajita, evameva diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ paññapetun’ti?
   171. “Evaṃ vutte, bhante, ajito kesakambalo maṃ etadavoca– ‘natthi, mahārāja, dinnaṃ natthi yiṭṭhaṃ, natthi hutaṃ, natthi sukatadukkaṭānaṃ kammānaṃ phalaṃ vipāko, natthi ayaṃ loko, natthi paro loko, natthi mātā, natthi pitā, natthi sattā opapātikā, natthi loke samaṇabrāhmaṇā sammaggatā sammāpaṭipannā, ye imañca lokaṃ parañca lokaṃ sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā pavedenti. Cātumahābhūtiko ayaṃ puriso, yadā kālaṅkaroti, pathavī pathavikāyaṃ anupeti anupagacchati, āpo āpokāyaṃ anupeti anupagacchati, tejo tejokāyaṃ anupeti anupagacchati, vāyo vāyokāyaṃ anupeti anupagacchati, ākāsaṃ indriyāni saṅkamanti. Āsandipañcamā purisā mataṃ ādāya gacchanti. Yāvāḷāhanā padāni paññāyanti. Kāpotakāni aṭṭhīni bhavanti, bhassantā āhutiyo. Dattupaññattaṃ yadidaṃ dānaṃ. Tesaṃ tucchaṃ musā vilāpo ye keci atthikavādaṃ vadanti. Bāle ca paṇḍite ca kāyassa bhedā ucchijjanti vinassanti, na honti paraṃ maraṇā’ti.
   172. “Itthaṃ kho me, bhante, ajito kesakambalo sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ puṭṭho samāno ucchedaṃ byākāsi. Seyyathāpi, bhante, ambaṃ vā puṭṭho labujaṃ byākareyya labujaṃ vā puṭṭho ambaṃ byākareyya; evameva kho me, bhante, ajito kesakambalo sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ puṭṭho samāno ucchedaṃ byākāsi. Tassa mayhaṃ, bhante, etadahosi– ‘kathañhi nāma mādiso samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā vijite vasantaṃ apasādetabbaṃ maññeyyā’ti. So kho ahaṃ, bhante, ajitassa kesakambalassa bhāsitaṃ neva abhinandiṃ nappaṭikkosiṃ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā anattamano anattamanavācaṃ anicchāretvā tameva vācaṃ anuggaṇhanto anikkujjanto uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkamiṃ.
Pakudhakaccāyanavādo
   173. “Ekamidāhaṃ, bhante, samayaṃ yena pakudho kaccāyano tenupasaṅkamiṃ; upasaṅkamitvā pakudhena kaccāyanena saddhiṃ sammodiṃ. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃ. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho ahaṃ, bhante, pakudhaṃ kaccāyanaṃ etadavocaṃ– ‘yathā nu kho imāni, bho kaccāyana, puthusippāyatanāni …pe… sakkā nu kho, bho kaccāyana, evameva diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ paññapetun’ti?
   174. “Evaṃ vutte, bhante, pakudho kaccāyano maṃ etadavoca– ‘sattime, mahārāja, kāyā akaṭā akaṭavidhā animmitā animmātā vañjhā kūṭaṭṭhā esikaṭṭhāyiṭṭhitā. Te na iñjanti na vipariṇamanti, na aññamaññaṃ byābādhenti, nālaṃ aññamaññassa sukhāya vā dukkhāya vā sukhadukkhāya vā. Katame satta? Pathavikāyo, āpokāyo, tejokāyo, vāyokāyo, sukhe, dukkhe, jīve sattame ime satta kāyā akaṭā akaṭavidhā animmitā animmātā vañjhā kūṭaṭṭhā esikaṭṭhāyiṭṭhitā. Te na iñjanti, na vipariṇamanti, na aññamaññaṃ byābādhenti, nālaṃ aññamaññassa sukhāya vā dukkhāya vā sukhadukkhāya vā. Tattha natthi hantā vā ghātetā vā, sotā vā sāvetā vā, viññātā vā viññāpetā vā. Yopi tiṇhena satthena sīsaṃ chindati, na koci kiñci jīvitā voropeti; sattannaṃ tveva kāyānamantarena satthaṃ vivaramanupatatī’ti.
   175. “Itthaṃ kho me, bhante, pakudho kaccāyano sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ puṭṭho samāno aññena aññaṃ byākāsi. Seyyathāpi, bhante, ambaṃ vā puṭṭho labujaṃ byākareyya, labujaṃ vā puṭṭho ambaṃ byākareyya; evameva kho me, bhante, pakudho kaccāyano sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ puṭṭho samāno aññena aññaṃ byākāsi. Tassa mayhaṃ, bhante, etadahosi– ‘kathañhi nāma mādiso samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā vijite vasantaṃ apasādetabbaṃ maññeyyā’ti. So kho ahaṃ, bhante, pakudhassa kaccāyanassa bhāsitaṃ neva abhinandiṃ nappaṭikkosiṃ, anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā anattamano, anattamanavācaṃ anicchāretvā tameva vācaṃ anuggaṇhanto anikkujjanto uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkamiṃ.
Nigaṇṭhanāṭaputtavādo
   176. “Ekamidāhaṃ, bhante, samayaṃ yena nigaṇṭho nāṭaputto tenupasaṅkamiṃ upasaṅkamitvā nigaṇṭhena nāṭaputtena saddhiṃ sammodiṃ. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃ. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho ahaṃ, bhante, nigaṇṭhaṃ nāṭaputtaṃ etadavocaṃ– ‘yathā nu kho imāni, bho aggivessana, puthusippāyatanāni …pe… sakkā nu kho, bho aggivessana, evameva diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ paññapetun’ti?
   177. “Evaṃ vutte, bhante, nigaṇṭho nāṭaputto maṃ etadavoca– ‘idha, mahārāja, nigaṇṭho cātuyāmasaṃvarasaṃvuto hoti. Kathañca, mahārāja, nigaṇṭho cātuyāmasaṃvarasaṃvuto hoti? Idha, mahārāja, nigaṇṭho sabbavārivārito ca hoti, sabbavāriyutto ca, sabbavāridhuto ca, sabbavāriphuṭo ca. Evaṃ kho, mahārāja, nigaṇṭho cātuyāmasaṃvarasaṃvuto hoti Yato kho, mahārāja, nigaṇṭho evaṃ cātuyāmasaṃvarasaṃvuto hoti; ayaṃ vuccati, mahārāja, nigaṇṭho gatatto ca yatatto ca ṭhitatto cā’ti.
   178. “Itthaṃ kho me, bhante, nigaṇṭho nāṭaputto sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ puṭṭho samāno cātuyāmasaṃvaraṃ byākāsi. Seyyathāpi, bhante, ambaṃ vā puṭṭho labujaṃ byākareyya, labujaṃ vā puṭṭho ambaṃ byākareyya; evameva kho me, bhante, nigaṇṭho nāṭaputto sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ puṭṭho samāno cātuyāmasaṃvaraṃ byākāsi. Tassa mayhaṃ, bhante, etadahosi– ‘kathañhi nāma mādiso samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā vijite vasantaṃ apasādetabbaṃ maññeyyā’ti So kho ahaṃ, bhante, nigaṇṭhassa nāṭaputtassa bhāsitaṃ neva abhinandiṃ nappaṭikkosiṃ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā anattamano anattamanavācaṃ anicchāretvā tameva vācaṃ anuggaṇhanto anikkujjanto uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkamiṃ.
Sañcayabelaṭṭhaputtavādo
   179. “Ekamidāhaṃ, bhante, samayaṃ yena sañcayo belaṭṭhaputto tenupasaṅkamiṃ; upasaṅkamitvā sañcayena belaṭṭhaputtena saddhiṃ sammodiṃ. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdiṃ. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho ahaṃ bhante, sañcayaṃ belaṭṭhaputtaṃ etadavocaṃ– ‘yathā nu kho imāni, bho sañcaya, puthusippāyatanāni …pe… sakkā nu kho, bho sañcaya, evameva diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ paññapetun’ti?
   180. “Evaṃ vutte, bhante, sañcayo belaṭṭhaputto maṃ etadavoca– ‘atthi paro lokoti iti ce maṃ pucchasi, atthi paro lokoti iti ce me assa, atthi paro lokoti iti te naṃ byākareyyaṃ. Evantipi me no, tathātipi me no, aññathātipi me no, notipi me no, no notipi me no. Natthi paro loko …pe… atthi ca natthi ca paro loko …pe… nevatthi na natthi paro loko …pe… atthi sattā opapātikā …pe… natthi sattā opapātikā …pe… atthi ca natthi ca sattā opapātikā …pe… nevatthi na natthi sattā opapātikā …pe… atthi sukatadukkaṭānaṃ kammānaṃ phalaṃ vipāko …pe… natthi sukatadukkaṭānaṃ kammānaṃ phalaṃ vipāko …pe…atthi ca natthi ca sukatadukkaṭānaṃ kammānaṃ phalaṃ vipāko …pe… nevatthi na natthi sukatadukkaṭānaṃ kammānaṃ phalaṃ vipāko …pe… hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇā …pe… na hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇā …pe… hoti ca na ca hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇā …pe… neva hoti na na hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇāti iti ce maṃ pucchasi, neva hoti na na hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇāti iti ce me assa, neva hoti na na hoti tathāgato paraṃ maraṇāti iti te naṃ byākareyyaṃ. Evantipi me no, tathātipi me no, aññathātipi me no, notipi me no, no notipi me no’ti.
   181. “Itthaṃ kho me, bhante, sañcayo belaṭṭhaputto sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ puṭṭho samāno vikkhepaṃ byākāsi. Seyyathāpi, bhante, ambaṃ vā puṭṭho labujaṃ byākareyya, labujaṃ vā puṭṭho ambaṃ byākareyya; evameva kho me, bhante, sañcayo belaṭṭhaputto sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ puṭṭho samāno vikkhepaṃ byākāsi. Tassa mayhaṃ, bhante, etadahosi– ‘ayañca imesaṃ samaṇabrāhmaṇānaṃ sabbabālo sabbamūḷho. Kathañhi nāma sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ puṭṭho samāno vikkhepaṃ byākarissatī’ti. Tassa mayhaṃ, bhante, etadahosi – ‘kathañhi nāma mādiso samaṇaṃ vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā vijite vasantaṃ apasādetabbaṃ maññeyyā’ti. So kho ahaṃ, bhante, sañcayassa belaṭṭhaputtassa bhāsitaṃ neva abhinandiṃ nappaṭikkosiṃ. Anabhinanditvā appaṭikkositvā anattamano anattamanavācaṃ anicchāretvā tameva vācaṃ anuggaṇhanto anikkujjanto uṭṭhāyāsanā pakkamiṃ.
Paṭhamasandiṭṭhikasāmaññaphalaṃ
   182. “Sohaṃ, bhante, bhagavantampi pucchāmi– ‘yathā nu kho imāni, bhante, puthusippāyatanāni seyyathidaṃ– hatthārohā assārohā rathikā dhanuggahā celakā calakā piṇḍadāyakā uggā rājaputtā pakkhandino mahānāgā sūrā cammayodhino dāsikaputtā āḷārikā kappakā nhāpakā sūdā mālākārā rajakā pesakārā naḷakārā kumbhakārā gaṇakā muddikā, yāni vā panaññānipi evaṃgatāni puthusippāyatanāni, te diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sippaphalaṃ upajīvanti, te tena attānaṃ sukhenti pīṇenti, mātāpitaro sukhenti pīṇenti, puttadāraṃ sukhenti pīṇenti, mittāmacce sukhenti pīṇenti, samaṇabrāhmaṇesu uddhaggikaṃ dakkhiṇaṃ patiṭṭhapenti sovaggikaṃ sukhavipākaṃ saggasaṃvattanikaṃ. Sakkā nu kho me bhante, evameva diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ paññapetun’ti?
   183. “Sakkā, mahārāja. Tena hi, mahārāja, taññevettha paṭipucchissāmi. Yathā te khameyya, tathā naṃ byākareyyāsi. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, mahārāja, idha te assa puriso dāso kammakāro pubbuṭṭhāyī pacchānipātī kiṅkārapaṭissāvī manāpacārī piyavādī mukhullokako. Tassa evamassa– ‘acchariyaṃ, vata bho, abbhutaṃ, vata bho, puññānaṃ gati, puññānaṃ vipāko. Ayañhi rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto manusso ahampi manusso. Ayañhi rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto pañcahi kāmaguṇehi samappito samaṅgībhūto paricāreti, devo maññe. Ahaṃ panamhissa dāso kammakāro pubbuṭṭhāyī pacchānipātī kiṅkārapaṭissāvī manāpacārī piyavādī mukhullokako. So vatassāhaṃ puññāni kareyyaṃ. Yaṃnūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyyan’ti. So aparena samayena kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyya. So evaṃ pabbajito samāno kāyena saṃvuto vihareyya, vācāya saṃvuto vihareyya, manasā saṃvuto vihareyya, ghāsacchādanaparamatāya santuṭṭho, abhirato paviveke. Taṃ ce te purisā evamāroceyyuṃ– ‘yagghe deva jāneyyāsi, yo te so puriso dāso kammakāro pubbuṭṭhāyī pacchānipātī kiṅkārapaṭissāvī manāpacārī piyavādī mukhullokako; so, deva, kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajito. So evaṃ pabbajito samāno kāyena saṃvuto viharati, vācāya saṃvuto viharati, manasā saṃvuto viharati, ghāsacchādanaparamatāya santuṭṭho, abhirato paviveke’ti. Api nu tvaṃ evaṃ vadeyyāsi– ‘etu me, bho, so puriso, punadeva hotu dāso kammakāro pubbuṭṭhāyī pacchānipātī kiṅkārapaṭissāvī manāpacārī piyavādī mukhullokako’ti?
   184. “No hetaṃ, bhante. Atha kho naṃ mayameva abhivādeyyāmapi paccuṭṭheyyāmapi, āsanenapi nimanteyyāma, abhinimanteyyāmapi naṃ cīvarapiṇḍapātasenāsanagilānappaccayabhesajjaparikkhārehi, dhammikampissa rakkhāvaraṇaguttiṃ saṃvidaheyyāmā”ti.
   185. “Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, mahārāja, yadi evaṃ sante hoti vā sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ no vā”ti? “Addhā kho, bhante, evaṃ sante hoti sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalan”ti. “Idaṃ kho te, mahārāja, mayā paṭhamaṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ paññattan”ti.
Dutiyasandiṭṭhikasāmaññaphalaṃ
   186. “Sakkā pana, bhante, aññampi evameva diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ paññapetun”ti? “Sakkā, mahārāja. Tena hi, mahārāja, taññevettha paṭipucchissāmi. Yathā te khameyya, tathā naṃ byākareyyāsi. Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, mahārāja, idha te assa puriso kassako gahapatiko karakārako rāsivaḍḍhako. Tassa evamassa– ‘acchariyaṃ vata bho, abbhutaṃ vata bho, puññānaṃ gati, puññānaṃ vipāko. Ayañhi rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto manusso, ahampi manusso. Ayañhi rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto pañcahi kāmaguṇehi samappito samaṅgībhūto paricāreti, devo maññe. Ahaṃ panamhissa kassako gahapatiko karakārako rāsivaḍḍhako. So vatassāhaṃ puññāni kareyyaṃ. Yaṃnūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyyan’ti.
   “So aparena samayena appaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya, appaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyya. So evaṃ pabbajito samāno kāyena saṃvuto vihareyya, vācāya saṃvuto vihareyya, manasā saṃvuto vihareyya, ghāsacchādanaparamatāya santuṭṭho, abhirato paviveke. Taṃ ce te purisā evamāroceyyuṃ– ‘yagghe, deva jāneyyāsi, yo te so puriso kassako gahapatiko karakārako rāsivaḍḍhako; so deva kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajito. So evaṃ pabbajito samāno kāyena saṃvuto viharati, vācāya saṃvuto viharati, manasā saṃvuto viharati, ghāsacchādanaparamatāya santuṭṭho, abhirato paviveke”ti. Api nu tvaṃ evaṃ vadeyyāsi– ‘etu me, bho, so puriso, punadeva hotu kassako gahapatiko karakārako rāsivaḍḍhako’ti?
   187. “No hetaṃ, bhante. Atha kho naṃ mayameva abhivādeyyāmapi, paccuṭṭheyyāmapi, āsanenapi nimanteyyāma, abhinimanteyyāmapi naṃ cīvarapiṇḍapātasenāsanagilānappaccayabhesajjaparikkhārehi, dhammikampissa rakkhāvaraṇaguttiṃ saṃvidaheyyāmā”ti.
   188. “Taṃ kiṃ maññasi, mahārāja? Yadi evaṃ sante hoti vā sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ no vā”ti? “Addhā kho, bhante, evaṃ sante hoti sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalan”ti “Idaṃ kho te, mahārāja, mayā dutiyaṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ paññattan”ti.
Paṇītatarasāmaññaphalaṃ
   189. “Sakkā pana, bhante, aññampi diṭṭheva dhamme sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ paññapetuṃ imehi sandiṭṭhikehi sāmaññaphalehi abhikkantatarañca paṇītatarañcā”ti? “Sakkā, mahārāja. Tena hi, mahārāja, suṇohi, sādhukaṃ manasi karohi, bhāsissāmī”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto bhagavato paccassosi.
   190. Bhagavā etadavoca– “idha, mahārāja, tathāgato loke uppajjati arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vijjācaraṇasampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathi satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā. So imaṃ lokaṃ sadevakaṃ samārakaṃ sabrahmakaṃ sassamaṇabrāhmaṇiṃ pajaṃ sadevamanussaṃ sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā pavedeti. So dhammaṃ deseti ādikalyāṇaṃ majjhekalyāṇaṃ pariyosānakalyāṇaṃ sātthaṃ sabyañjanaṃ, kevalaparipuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ pakāseti.
   191. “Taṃ dhammaṃ suṇāti gahapati vā gahapatiputto vā aññatarasmiṃ vā kule paccājāto. So taṃ dhammaṃ sutvā tathāgate saddhaṃ paṭilabhati. So tena saddhāpaṭilābhena samannāgato iti paṭisañcikkhati– ‘sambādho gharāvāso rajopatho, abbhokāso pabbajjā. Nayidaṃ sukaraṃ agāraṃ ajjhāvasatā ekantaparipuṇṇaṃ ekantaparisuddhaṃ saṅkhalikhitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ carituṃ. Yaṃnūnāhaṃ kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajeyyan’ti.
   192. “So aparena samayena appaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā bhogakkhandhaṃ pahāya appaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya mahantaṃ vā ñātiparivaṭṭaṃ pahāya kesamassuṃ ohāretvā kāsāyāni vatthāni acchādetvā agārasmā anagāriyaṃ pabbajati.
   193. “So evaṃ pabbajito samāno pātimokkhasaṃvarasaṃvuto viharati ācāragocarasampanno, aṇumattesu vajjesu bhayadassāvī, samādāya sikkhati sikkhāpadesu, kāyakammavacīkammena samannāgato kusalena, parisuddhājīvo sīlasampanno, indriyesu guttadvāro, satisampajaññena samannāgato, santuṭṭho.
Cūḷasīlaṃ
   194. “Kathañca, mahārāja, bhikkhu sīlasampanno hoti? Idha, mahārāja, bhikkhu pāṇātipātaṃ pahāya pāṇātipātā paṭivirato hoti. Nihitadaṇḍo nihitasattho lajjī dayāpanno sabbapāṇabhūtahitānukampī viharati. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   “Adinnādānaṃ pahāya adinnādānā paṭivirato hoti dinnādāyī dinnapāṭikaṅkhī, athenena sucibhūtena attanā viharati. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   “Abrahmacariyaṃ pahāya brahmacārī hoti ārācārī virato methunā gāmadhammā. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   “Musāvādaṃ pahāya musāvādā paṭivirato hoti saccavādī saccasandho theto paccayiko avisaṃvādako lokassa. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
  “Pisuṇaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pisuṇāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti; ito sutvā na amutra akkhātā imesaṃ bhedāya; amutra vā sutvā na imesaṃ akkhātā, amūsaṃ bhedāya. Iti bhinnānaṃ vā sandhātā, sahitānaṃ vā anuppadātā, samaggārāmo samaggarato samagganandī samaggakaraṇiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
  “Pharusaṃ vācaṃ pahāya pharusāya vācāya paṭivirato hoti; yā sā vācā nelā kaṇṇasukhā pemanīyā hadayaṅgamā porī bahujanakantā bahujanamanāpā tathārūpiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
  “Samphappalāpaṃ pahāya samphappalāpā paṭivirato hoti kālavādī bhūtavādī atthavādī dhammavādī vinayavādī, nidhānavatiṃ vācaṃ bhāsitā hoti kālena sāpadesaṃ pariyantavatiṃ atthasaṃhitaṃ. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
  “Bījagāmabhūtagāmasamārambhā paṭivirato hoti …pe… ekabhattiko hoti rattūparato virato vikālabhojanā. Naccagītavāditavisūkadassanā paṭivirato hoti. Mālāgandhavilepanadhāraṇamaṇḍanavibhūsanaṭṭhānā paṭivirato hoti. Uccāsayanamahāsayanā paṭivirato hoti. Jātarūparajatapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Āmakadhaññapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Āmakamaṃsapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Itthikumārikapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Dāsidāsapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Ajeḷakapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Kukkuṭasūkarapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Hatthigavassavaḷavapaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti. Khettavatthupaṭiggahaṇā paṭivirato hoti Dūteyyapahiṇagamanānuyogā paṭivirato hoti. Kayavikkayā paṭivirato hoti. Tulākūṭakaṃsakūṭamānakūṭā paṭivirato hoti. Ukkoṭanavañcananikatisāciyogā paṭivirato hoti. Chedanavadhabandhanaviparāmosa-ālopasahasākārā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   Cūḷasīlaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
Majjhimasīlaṃ
   195. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ bījagāmabhūtagāmasamārambhaṃ anuyuttā viharanti. Seyyathidaṃ– mūlabījaṃ khandhabījaṃ phaḷubījaṃ aggabījaṃ bījabījameva pañcamaṃ, iti evarūpā bījagāmabhūtagāmasamārambhā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   196. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ sannidhikāraparibhogaṃ anuyuttā viharanti. Seyyathidaṃ– annasannidhiṃ pānasannidhiṃ vatthasannidhiṃ yānasannidhiṃ sayanasannidhiṃ gandhasannidhiṃ āmisasannidhiṃ, iti vā iti evarūpā sannidhikāraparibhogā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   197. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ visūkadassanaṃ anuyuttā viharanti. Seyyathidaṃ naccaṃ gītaṃ vāditaṃ pekkhaṃ akkhānaṃ pāṇissaraṃ vetāḷaṃ kumbhathūṇaṃ sobhanakaṃ caṇḍālaṃ vaṃsaṃ dhovanaṃ hatthiyuddhaṃ assayuddhaṃ mahiṃsayuddhaṃ usabhayuddhaṃ ajayuddhaṃ meṇḍayuddhaṃ kukkuṭayuddhaṃ vaṭṭakayuddhaṃ daṇḍayuddhaṃ muṭṭhiyuddhaṃ nibbuddhaṃ uyyodhikaṃ balaggaṃ senābyūhaṃ anīkadassanaṃ iti vā iti evarūpā visūkadassanā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   198. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ jūtappamādaṭṭhānānuyogaṃ anuyuttā viharanti. Seyyathidaṃ– aṭṭhapadaṃ dasapadaṃ ākāsaṃ parihārapathaṃ santikaṃ khalikaṃ ghaṭikaṃ salākahatthaṃ akkhaṃ paṅgacīraṃ vaṅkakaṃ mokkhacikaṃ ciṅgulikaṃ pattāḷhakaṃ rathakaṃ dhanukaṃ akkharikaṃ manesikaṃ yathāvajjaṃ iti vā iti evarūpā jūtappamādaṭṭhānānuyogā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   199. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ uccāsayanamahāsayanaṃ anuyuttā viharanti. Seyyathidaṃ– āsandiṃ pallaṅkaṃ gonakaṃ cittakaṃ paṭikaṃ paṭalikaṃ tūlikaṃ vikatikaṃ uddalomiṃ ekantalomiṃ kaṭṭissaṃ koseyyaṃ kuttakaṃ hatthattharaṃ assattharaṃ rathattharaṃ ajinappaveṇiṃ kadalimigapavarapaccattharaṇaṃ sa-uttaracchadaṃ ubhatolohitakūpadhānaṃ iti vā iti evarūpā uccāsayanamahāsayanā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   200. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ maṇḍanavibhūsanaṭṭhānānuyogaṃ anuyuttā viharanti. Seyyathidaṃ– ucchādanaṃ parimaddanaṃ nhāpanaṃ sambāhanaṃ ādāsaṃ añjanaṃ mālāgandhavilepanaṃ mukhacuṇṇaṃ mukhalepanaṃ hatthabandhaṃ sikhābandhaṃ daṇḍaṃ nāḷikaṃ asiṃ chattaṃ citrupāhanaṃ uṇhīsaṃ maṇiṃ vālabījaniṃ odātāni vatthāni dīghadasāni iti vā iti evarūpā maṇḍanavibhūsanaṭṭhānānuyogā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   201. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ tiracchānakathaṃ anuyuttā viharanti. Seyyathidaṃ– rājakathaṃ corakathaṃ mahāmattakathaṃ senākathaṃ bhayakathaṃ yuddhakathaṃ annakathaṃ pānakathaṃ vatthakathaṃ sayanakathaṃ mālākathaṃ gandhakathaṃ ñātikathaṃ yānakathaṃ gāmakathaṃ nigamakathaṃ nagarakathaṃ janapadakathaṃ itthikathaṃ sūrakathaṃ visikhākathaṃ kumbhaṭṭhānakathaṃ pubbapetakathaṃ nānattakathaṃ lokakkhāyikaṃ samuddakkhāyikaṃ itibhavābhavakathaṃ iti vā iti evarūpāya tiracchānakathāya paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   202. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ viggāhikakathaṃ anuyuttā viharanti. Seyyathidaṃ na tvaṃ imaṃ dhammavinayaṃ ājānāsi, ahaṃ imaṃ dhammavinayaṃ ājānāmi, kiṃ tvaṃ imaṃ dhammavinayaṃ ājānissasi, micchā paṭipanno tvamasi, ahamasmi sammā paṭipanno, sahitaṃ me, asahitaṃ te, pure vacanīyaṃ pacchā avaca, pacchā vacanīyaṃ pure avaca, adhiciṇṇaṃ te viparāvattaṃ, āropito te vādo, niggahito tvamasi, cara vādappamokkhāya, nibbeṭhehi vā sace pahosīti iti vā iti evarūpāya viggāhikakathāya paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   203. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpaṃ dūteyyapahiṇagamanānuyogaṃ anuyuttā viharanti. Seyyathidaṃ– raññaṃ, rājamahāmattānaṃ, khattiyānaṃ, brāhmaṇānaṃ, gahapatikānaṃ, kumārānaṃ– ‘idha gaccha, amutrāgaccha, idaṃ hara, amutra idaṃ āharā’ti iti vā iti evarūpā dūteyyapahiṇagamanānuyogā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   204. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te kuhakā ca honti lapakā ca nemittikā ca nippesikā ca lābhena lābhaṃ nijigīṃsitāro ca. Iti evarūpā kuhanalapanā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ”.
   Majjhimasīlaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
Mahāsīlaṃ
   205. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvitaṃ kappenti. Seyyathidaṃ– aṅgaṃ nimittaṃ uppātaṃ supinaṃ lakkhaṇaṃ mūsikacchinnaṃ aggihomaṃ dabbihomaṃ thusahomaṃ kaṇahomaṃ taṇḍulahomaṃ sappihomaṃ telahomaṃ mukhahomaṃ lohitahomaṃ aṅgavijjā vatthuvijjā khattavijjā sivavijjā bhūtavijjā bhūrivijjā ahivijjā visavijjā vicchikavijjā mūsikavijjā sakuṇavijjā vāyasavijjā pakkajjhānaṃ saraparittāṇaṃ migacakkaṃ iti vā iti evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   206. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvitaṃ kappenti. Seyyathidaṃ– maṇilakkhaṇaṃ vatthalakkhaṇaṃ daṇḍalakkhaṇaṃ satthalakkhaṇaṃ asilakkhaṇaṃ usulakkhaṇaṃ dhanulakkhaṇaṃ āvudhalakkhaṇaṃ itthilakkhaṇaṃ purisalakkhaṇaṃ kumāralakkhaṇaṃ kumārilakkhaṇaṃ dāsalakkhaṇaṃ dāsilakkhaṇaṃ hatthilakkhaṇaṃ assalakkhaṇaṃ mahiṃsalakkhaṇaṃ usabhalakkhaṇaṃ golakkhaṇaṃ ajalakkhaṇaṃ meṇḍalakkhaṇaṃ kukkuṭalakkhaṇaṃ vaṭṭakalakkhaṇaṃ godhālakkhaṇaṃ kaṇṇikalakkhaṇaṃ kacchapalakkhaṇaṃ migalakkhaṇaṃ iti vā iti evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   207. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvitaṃ kappenti. Seyyathidaṃ– raññaṃ niyyānaṃ bhavissati, raññaṃ aniyyānaṃ bhavissati, abbhantarānaṃ raññaṃ upayānaṃ bhavissati, bāhirānaṃ raññaṃ apayānaṃ bhavissati, bāhirānaṃ raññaṃ upayānaṃ bhavissati, abbhantarānaṃ raññaṃ apayānaṃ bhavissati, abbhantarānaṃ raññaṃ jayo bhavissati, bāhirānaṃ raññaṃ parājayo bhavissati, bāhirānaṃ raññaṃ jayo bhavissati, abbhantarānaṃ raññaṃ parājayo bhavissati, iti imassa jayo bhavissati, imassa parājayo bhavissati iti vā iti evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   208. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvitaṃ kappenti. Seyyathidaṃ– candaggāho bhavissati, sūriyaggāho bhavissati, nakkhattaggāho bhavissati, candimasūriyānaṃ pathagamanaṃ bhavissati, candimasūriyānaṃ uppathagamanaṃ bhavissati, nakkhattānaṃ pathagamanaṃ bhavissati, nakkhattānaṃ uppathagamanaṃ bhavissati ukkāpāto bhavissati, disāḍāho bhavissati, bhūmicālo bhavissati, devadudrabhi bhavissati, candimasūriyanakkhattānaṃ uggamanaṃ ogamanaṃ saṃkilesaṃ vodānaṃ bhavissati, evaṃvipāko candaggāho bhavissati, evaṃvipāko sūriyaggāho bhavissati, evaṃvipāko nakkhattaggāho bhavissati, evaṃvipākaṃ candimasūriyānaṃ pathagamanaṃ bhavissati, evaṃvipākaṃ candimasūriyānaṃ uppathagamanaṃ bhavissati, evaṃvipākaṃ nakkhattānaṃ pathagamanaṃ bhavissati, evaṃvipākaṃ nakkhattānaṃ uppathagamanaṃ bhavissati, evaṃvipāko ukkāpāto bhavissati, evaṃvipāko disāḍāho bhavissati, evaṃvipāko bhūmicālo bhavissati, evaṃvipāko devadudrabhi bhavissati, evaṃvipākaṃ candimasūriyanakkhattānaṃ uggamanaṃ ogamanaṃ saṃkilesaṃ vodānaṃ bhavissati iti vā iti evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   209. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvitaṃ kappenti. Seyyathidaṃ– suvuṭṭhikā bhavissati, dubbuṭṭhikā bhavissati, subhikkhaṃ bhavissati, dubbhikkhaṃ bhavissati, khemaṃ bhavissati, bhayaṃ bhavissati, rogo bhavissati, ārogyaṃ bhavissati, muddā, gaṇanā, saṅkhānaṃ, kāveyyaṃ, lokāyataṃ iti vā iti evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   210. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvitaṃ kappenti. Seyyathidaṃ– āvāhanaṃ vivāhanaṃ saṃvaraṇaṃ vivaraṇaṃ saṅkiraṇaṃ vikiraṇaṃ subhagakaraṇaṃ dubbhagakaraṇaṃ viruddhagabbhakaraṇaṃ jivhānibandhanaṃ hanusaṃhananaṃ hatthābhijappanaṃ hanujappanaṃ kaṇṇajappanaṃ ādāsapañhaṃ kumārikapañhaṃ devapañhaṃ ādiccupaṭṭhānaṃ mahatupaṭṭhānaṃ abbhujjalanaṃ sirivhāyanaṃ iti vā iti evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   211. “Yathā vā paneke bhonto samaṇabrāhmaṇā saddhādeyyāni bhojanāni bhuñjitvā te evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvena jīvitaṃ kappenti Seyyathidaṃ– santikammaṃ paṇidhikammaṃ bhūtakammaṃ bhūrikammaṃ vassakammaṃ vossakammaṃ vatthukammaṃ vatthuparikammaṃ ācamanaṃ nhāpanaṃ juhanaṃ vamanaṃ virecanaṃ uddhaṃvirecanaṃ adhovirecanaṃ sīsavirecanaṃ kaṇṇatelaṃ nettatappanaṃ natthukammaṃ añjanaṃ paccañjanaṃ sālākiyaṃ sallakattiyaṃ dārakatikicchā, mūlabhesajjānaṃ anuppadānaṃ, osadhīnaṃ paṭimokkho iti vā iti evarūpāya tiracchānavijjāya micchājīvā paṭivirato hoti. Idampissa hoti sīlasmiṃ.
   212. “Sa kho so, mahārāja, bhikkhu evaṃ sīlasampanno na kutoci bhayaṃ samanupassati, yadidaṃ sīlasaṃvarato. Seyyathāpi– mahārāja, rājā khattiyo muddhābhisitto nihatapaccāmitto na kutoci bhayaṃ samanupassati, yadidaṃ paccatthikato; evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu evaṃ sīlasampanno na kutoci bhayaṃ samanupassati, yadidaṃ sīlasaṃvarato. So iminā ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ anavajjasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Evaṃ kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu sīlasampanno hoti.
   Mahāsīlaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
Indriyasaṃvaro
   213. “Kathañca, mahārāja, bhikkhu indriyesu guttadvāro hoti? Idha, mahārāja, bhikkhu cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati cakkhundriyaṃ, cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. Sotena saddaṃ sutvā …pe… ghānena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā …pe… jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā …pe… kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā …pe… manasā dhammaṃ viññāya na nimittaggāhī hoti nānubyañjanaggāhī. Yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhā domanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjati, rakkhati manindriyaṃ, manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjati. So iminā ariyena indriyasaṃvarena samannāgato ajjhattaṃ abyāsekasukhaṃ paṭisaṃvedeti. Evaṃ kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu indriyesu guttadvāro hoti.
Satisampajaññaṃ
   214. “Kathañca mahārāja, bhikkhu satisampajaññena samannāgato hoti? Idha, mahārāja, bhikkhu abhikkante paṭikkante sampajānakārī hoti, ālokite vilokite sampajānakārī hoti, samiñjite pasārite sampajānakārī hoti, saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇe sampajānakārī hoti, asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajānakārī hoti, uccārapassāvakamme sampajānakārī hoti, gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgarite bhāsite tuṇhībhāve sampajānakārī hoti. Evaṃ kho, mahārāja bhikkhu satisampajaññena samannāgato hoti.
Santoso
   215. “Kathañca, mahārāja, bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti? Idha, mahārāja, bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti kāyaparihārikena cīvarena, kucchiparihārikena piṇḍapātena So yena yeneva pakkamati, samādāyeva pakkamati. Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, pakkhī sakuṇo yena yeneva ḍeti, sapattabhārova ḍeti. Evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti kāyaparihārikena cīvarena kucchiparihārikena piṇḍapātena. So yena yeneva pakkamati, samādāyeva pakkamati. Evaṃ kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu santuṭṭho hoti.
Nīvaraṇappahānaṃ
   216. “So iminā ca ariyena sīlakkhandhena samannāgato, iminā ca ariyena indriyasaṃvarena samannāgato, iminā ca ariyena satisampajaññena samannāgato, imāya ca ariyāya santuṭṭhiyā samannāgato, vivittaṃ senāsanaṃ bhajati araññaṃ rukkhamūlaṃ pabbataṃ kandaraṃ giriguhaṃ susānaṃ vanapatthaṃ abbhokāsaṃ palālapuñjaṃ. So pacchābhattaṃ piṇḍapātappaṭikkanto nisīdati pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā.
   217. “So abhijjhaṃ loke pahāya vigatābhijjhena cetasā viharati, abhijjhāya cittaṃ parisodheti. Byāpādapadosaṃ pahāya abyāpannacitto viharati sabbapāṇabhūtahitānukampī, byāpādapadosā cittaṃ parisodheti. Thinamiddhaṃ pahāya vigatathinamiddho viharati ālokasaññī, sato sampajāno, thinamiddhā cittaṃ parisodheti. Uddhaccakukkuccaṃ pahāya anuddhato viharati, ajjhattaṃ vūpasantacitto, uddhaccakukkuccā cittaṃ parisodheti. Vicikicchaṃ pahāya tiṇṇavicikiccho viharati, akathaṃkathī kusalesu dhammesu, vicikicchāya cittaṃ parisodheti.
   218. “Seyyathāpi mahārāja, puriso iṇaṃ ādāya kammante payojeyya. Tassa te kammantā samijjheyyuṃ. So yāni ca porāṇāni iṇamūlāni, tāni ca byantiṃ kareyya, siyā cassa uttariṃ avasiṭṭhaṃ dārabharaṇāya. Tassa evamassa– ‘ahaṃ kho pubbe iṇaṃ ādāya kammante payojesiṃ. Tassa me te kammantā samijjhiṃsu. Sohaṃ yāni ca porāṇāni iṇamūlāni, tāni ca byantiṃ akāsiṃ, atthi ca me uttariṃ avasiṭṭhaṃ dārabharaṇāyā’ti. So tatonidānaṃ labhetha pāmojjaṃ, adhigaccheyya somanassaṃ.
   219. “Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, puriso ābādhiko assa dukkhito bāḷhagilāno; bhattañcassa nacchādeyya, na cassa kāye balamattā. So aparena samayena tamhā ābādhā mucceyya; bhattaṃ cassa chādeyya, siyā cassa kāye balamattā. Tassa evamassa– ‘ahaṃ kho pubbe ābādhiko ahosiṃ dukkhito bāḷhagilāno; bhattañca me nacchādesi, na ca me āsi kāye balamattā. Somhi etarahi tamhā ābādhā mutto; bhattañca me chādeti, atthi ca me kāye balamattā’ti. So tatonidānaṃ labhetha pāmojjaṃ, adhigaccheyya somanassaṃ.
   220. “Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, puriso bandhanāgāre baddho assa. So aparena samayena tamhā bandhanāgārā mucceyya sotthinā abbhayena, na cassa kiñci bhogānaṃ vayo. Tassa evamassa– ‘ahaṃ kho pubbe bandhanāgāre baddho ahosiṃ, somhi etarahi tamhā bandhanāgārā mutto sotthinā abbhayena. Natthi ca me kiñci bhogānaṃ vayo’ti. So tatonidānaṃ labhetha pāmojjaṃ, adhigaccheyya somanassaṃ.
   221. “Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, puriso dāso assa anattādhīno parādhīno na yenakāmaṃgamo. So aparena samayena tamhā dāsabyā mucceyya attādhīno aparādhīno bhujisso yenakāmaṃgamo. Tassa evamassa– ‘ahaṃ kho pubbe dāso ahosiṃ anattādhīno parādhīno na yenakāmaṃgamo. Somhi etarahi tamhā dāsabyā mutto attādhīno aparādhīno bhujisso yenakāmaṃgamo’ti. So tatonidānaṃ labhetha pāmojjaṃ, adhigaccheyya somanassaṃ.
   222. “Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, puriso sadhano sabhogo kantāraddhānamaggaṃ paṭipajjeyya dubbhikkhaṃ sappaṭibhayaṃ. So aparena samayena taṃ kantāraṃ nitthareyya sotthinā, gāmantaṃ anupāpuṇeyya khemaṃ appaṭibhayaṃ. Tassa evamassa– ‘ahaṃ kho pubbe sadhano sabhogo kantāraddhānamaggaṃ paṭipajjiṃ dubbhikkhaṃ sappaṭibhayaṃ. Somhi etarahi taṃ kantāraṃ nitthiṇṇo sotthinā, gāmantaṃ anuppatto khemaṃ appaṭibhayan’ti. So tatonidānaṃ labhetha pāmojjaṃ, adhigaccheyya somanassaṃ.
   223. “Evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu yathā iṇaṃ yathā rogaṃ yathā bandhanāgāraṃ yathā dāsabyaṃ yathā kantāraddhānamaggaṃ, evaṃ ime pañca nīvaraṇe appahīne attani samanupassati.
   224. “Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, yathā āṇaṇyaṃ yathā ārogyaṃ yathā bandhanāmokkhaṃ yathā bhujissaṃ yathā khemantabhūmiṃ; evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu ime pañca nīvaraṇe pahīne attani samanupassati.
   225. “Tassime pañca nīvaraṇe pahīne attani samanupassato pāmojjaṃ jāyati, pamuditassa pīti jāyati, pītimanassa kāyo passambhati, passaddhakāyo sukhaṃ vedeti, sukhino cittaṃ samādhiyati.
Paṭhamajjhānaṃ
   226. “So vivicceva kāmehi, vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So imameva kāyaṃ vivekajena pītisukhena abhisandeti parisandeti paripūreti parippharati, nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa vivekajena pītisukhena apphuṭaṃ hoti.
   227. “Seyyathāpi mahārāja, dakkho nhāpako vā nhāpakantevāsī vā kaṃsathāle nhānīyacuṇṇāni ākiritvā udakena paripphosakaṃ paripphosakaṃ sanneyya, sāyaṃ nhānīyapiṇḍi snehānugatā snehaparetā santarabāhirā phuṭā snehena, na ca paggharaṇī; evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ vivekajena pītisukhena abhisandeti parisandeti paripūreti parippharati, nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa vivekajena pītisukhena apphuṭaṃ hoti. Idampi kho, mahārāja, sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ purimehi sandiṭṭhikehi sāmaññaphalehi abhikkantatarañca paṇītatarañca.
Dutiyajjhānaṃ
   228. “Puna caparaṃ, mahārāja, bhikkhu vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So imameva kāyaṃ samādhijena pītisukhena abhisandeti parisandeti paripūreti parippharati, nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa samādhijena pītisukhena apphuṭaṃ hoti.
   229. “Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, udakarahado gambhīro ubbhidodako tassa nevassa puratthimāya disāya udakassa āyamukhaṃ, na dakkhiṇāya disāya udakassa āyamukhaṃ, na pacchimāya disāya udakassa āyamukhaṃ, na uttarāya disāya udakassa āyamukhaṃ, devo ca na kālenakālaṃ sammādhāraṃ anuppaveccheyya. Atha kho tamhāva udakarahadā sītā vāridhārā ubbhijjitvā tameva udakarahadaṃ sītena vārinā abhisandeyya parisandeyya paripūreyya paripphareyya, nāssa kiñci sabbāvato udakarahadassa sītena vārinā apphuṭaṃ assa. Evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ samādhijena pītisukhena abhisandeti parisandeti paripūreti parippharati, nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa samādhijena pītisukhena apphuṭaṃ hoti. Idampi kho, mahārāja, sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ purimehi sandiṭṭhikehi sāmaññaphalehi abhikkantatarañca paṇītatarañca.
Tatiyajjhānaṃ
   230. “Puna caparaṃ, mahārāja, bhikkhu pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato sampajāno, sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti, yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti– ‘upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī’ti, tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So imameva kāyaṃ nippītikena sukhena abhisandeti parisandeti paripūreti parippharati, nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa nippītikena sukhena apphuṭaṃ hoti.
   231. “Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, uppaliniyaṃ vā paduminiyaṃ vā puṇḍarīkiniyaṃ vā appekaccāni uppalāni vā padumāni vā puṇḍarīkāni vā udake jātāni udake saṃvaḍḍhāni udakānuggatāni antonimuggaposīni, tāni yāva caggā yāva ca mūlā sītena vārinā abhisannāni parisannāni paripūrāni paripphuṭāni, nāssa kiñci sabbāvataṃ uppalānaṃ vā padumānaṃ vā puṇḍarīkānaṃ vā sītena vārinā apphuṭaṃ assa; evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ nippītikena sukhena abhisandeti parisandeti paripūreti parippharati, nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa nippītikena sukhena apphuṭaṃ hoti. Idampi kho, mahārāja, sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ purimehi sandiṭṭhikehi sāmaññaphalehi abhikkantatarañca paṇītatarañca.
Catutthajjhānaṃ
   232. “Puna caparaṃ, mahārāja, bhikkhu sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā, pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamā adukkhamasukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati, so imameva kāyaṃ parisuddhena cetasā pariyodātena pharitvā nisinno hoti, nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa parisuddhena cetasā pariyodātena apphuṭaṃ hoti.
   233. “Seyyathāpi mahārāja, puriso odātena vatthena sasīsaṃ pārupitvā nisinno assa, nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa odātena vatthena apphuṭaṃ assa; evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ parisuddhena cetasā pariyodātena pharitvā nisinno hoti, nāssa kiñci sabbāvato kāyassa parisuddhena cetasā pariyodātena apphuṭaṃ hoti. Idampi kho, mahārāja, sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ purimehi sandiṭṭhikehi sāmaññaphalehi abhikkantatarañca paṇītatarañca.
Vipassanāñāṇaṃ
   234. “So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte ñāṇadassanāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So evaṃ pajānāti– ‘ayaṃ kho me kāyo rūpī cātumahābhūtiko mātāpettikasambhavo odanakummāsūpacayo aniccucchādana-parimaddana-bhedana-viddhaṃsana-dhammo; idañca pana me viññāṇaṃ ettha sitaṃ ettha paṭibaddhan’ti.
   235. “Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, maṇi veḷuriyo subho jātimā aṭṭhaṃso suparikammakato accho vippasanno anāvilo sabbākārasampanno. Tatrāssa suttaṃ āvutaṃ nīlaṃ vā pītaṃ vā lohitaṃ vā odātaṃ vā paṇḍusuttaṃ vā. Tamenaṃ cakkhumā puriso hatthe karitvā paccavekkheyya– ‘ayaṃ kho maṇi veḷuriyo subho jātimā aṭṭhaṃso suparikammakato accho vippasanno anāvilo sabbākārasampanno; tatridaṃ suttaṃ āvutaṃ nīlaṃ vā pītaṃ vā lohitaṃ vā odātaṃ vā paṇḍusuttaṃ vā’ti. Evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte ñāṇadassanāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So evaṃ pajānāti– ‘ayaṃ kho me kāyo rūpī cātumahābhūtiko mātāpettikasambhavo odanakummāsūpacayo aniccucchādanaparimaddanabhedanaviddhaṃsanadhammo; idañca pana me viññāṇaṃ ettha sitaṃ ettha paṭibaddhan’ti. Idampi kho, mahārāja sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ purimehi sandiṭṭhikehi sāmaññaphalehi abhikkantatarañca paṇītatarañca.
Manomayiddhiñāṇaṃ
   236. “So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte manomayaṃ kāyaṃ abhinimmānāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So imamhā kāyā aññaṃ kāyaṃ abhinimmināti rūpiṃ manomayaṃ sabbaṅgapaccaṅgiṃ ahīnindriyaṃ.
   237. “Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, puriso muñjamhā īsikaṃ pavāheyya. Tassa evamassa– ‘ayaṃ muñjo, ayaṃ īsikā, añño muñjo, aññā īsikā, muñjamhā tveva īsikā pavāḷhā’ti. Seyyathā vā pana, mahārāja, puriso asiṃ kosiyā pavāheyya. Tassa evamassa– ‘ayaṃ asi, ayaṃ kosi, añño asi, aññā kosi, kosiyā tveva asi pavāḷho”ti. Seyyathā vā pana, mahārāja, puriso ahiṃ karaṇḍā uddhareyya. Tassa evamassa– ‘ayaṃ ahi, ayaṃ karaṇḍo. Añño ahi, añño karaṇḍo, karaṇḍā tveva ahi ubbhato’ti. Evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte manomayaṃ kāyaṃ abhinimmānāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So imamhā kāyā aññaṃ kāyaṃ abhinimmināti rūpiṃ manomayaṃ sabbaṅgapaccaṅgiṃ ahīnindriyaṃ. Idampi kho, mahārāja, sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ purimehi sandiṭṭhikehi sāmaññaphalehi abhikkantatarañca paṇītatarañca.
Iddhividhañāṇaṃ
   238. “So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte iddhividhāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti So anekavihitaṃ iddhividhaṃ paccanubhoti– ekopi hutvā bahudhā hoti, bahudhāpi hutvā eko hoti; āvibhāvaṃ tirobhāvaṃ tirokuṭṭaṃ tiropākāraṃ tiropabbataṃ asajjamāno gacchati seyyathāpi ākāse. Pathaviyāpi ummujjanimujjaṃ karoti seyyathāpi udake. Udakepi abhijjamāne gacchati seyyathāpi pathaviyā Ākāsepi pallaṅkena kamati seyyathāpi pakkhī sakuṇo. Imepi candimasūriye evaṃmahiddhike evaṃmahānubhāve pāṇinā parāmasati parimajjati. Yāva brahmalokāpi kāyena vasaṃ vatteti.
   239. “Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, dakkho kumbhakāro vā kumbhakārantevāsī vā suparikammakatāya mattikāya yaṃ yadeva bhājanavikatiṃ ākaṅkheyya, taṃ tadeva kareyya abhinipphādeyya. Seyyathā vā pana, mahārāja, dakkho dantakāro vā dantakārantevāsī vā suparikammakatasmiṃ dantasmiṃ yaṃ yadeva dantavikatiṃ ākaṅkheyya, taṃ tadeva kareyya abhinipphādeyya. Seyyathā vā pana, mahārāja, dakkho suvaṇṇakāro vā suvaṇṇakārantevāsī vā suparikammakatasmiṃ suvaṇṇasmiṃ yaṃ yadeva suvaṇṇavikatiṃ ākaṅkheyya, taṃ tadeva kareyya abhinipphādeyya. Evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte iddhividhāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So anekavihitaṃ iddhividhaṃ paccanubhoti– ekopi hutvā bahudhā hoti, bahudhāpi hutvā eko hoti; āvibhāvaṃ tirobhāvaṃ tirokuṭṭaṃ tiropākāraṃ tiropabbataṃ asajjamāno gacchati seyyathāpi ākāse. Pathaviyāpi ummujjanimujjaṃ karoti seyyathāpi udake. Udakepi abhijjamāne gacchati seyyathāpi pathaviyā. Ākāsepi pallaṅkena kamati seyyathāpi pakkhī sakuṇo. Imepi candimasūriye evaṃmahiddhike evaṃmahānubhāve pāṇinā parāmasati parimajjati. Yāva brahmalokāpi kāyena vasaṃ vatteti. Idampi kho, mahārāja, sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ purimehi sandiṭṭhikehi sāmaññaphalehi abhikkantatarañca paṇītatarañca.
Dibbasotañāṇaṃ
   240. “So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte dibbāya sotadhātuyā cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So dibbāya sotadhātuyā visuddhāya atikkantamānusikāya ubho sadde suṇāti dibbe ca mānuse ca ye dūre santike ca.
  241. “Seyyathāpi mahārāja, puriso addhānamaggappaṭipanno. So suṇeyya bherisaddampi mudiṅgasaddampi saṅkhapaṇavadindimasaddampi. Tassa evamassa– ‘bherisaddo’ itipi, ‘mudiṅgasaddo’ itipi, ‘saṅkhapaṇavadindimasaddo’ itipi. Evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte dibbāya sotadhātuyā cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So dibbāya sotadhātuyā visuddhāya atikkantamānusikāya ubho sadde suṇāti dibbe ca mānuse ca ye dūre santike ca. Idampi kho, mahārāja, sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ purimehi sandiṭṭhikehi sāmaññaphalehi abhikkantatarañca paṇītatarañca.
Cetopariyañāṇaṃ
   242. “So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte cetopariyañāṇāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So parasattānaṃ parapuggalānaṃ cetasā ceto paricca pajānāti– sarāgaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘sarāgaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, vītarāgaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vītarāgaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, sadosaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘sadosaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, vītadosaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vītadosaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, samohaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘samohaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, vītamohaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vītamohaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, saṅkhittaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘saṅkhittaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, vikkhittaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vikkhittaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, mahaggataṃ vā cittaṃ ‘mahaggataṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, amahaggataṃ vā cittaṃ ‘amahaggataṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, sa-uttaraṃ vā cittaṃ ‘sa-uttaraṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, anuttaraṃ vā cittaṃ ‘anuttaraṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, samāhitaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘samāhitaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, asamāhitaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘asamāhitaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti vimuttaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vimuttaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, avimuttaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘avimuttaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti.
   243. “Seyyathāpi mahārāja, itthī vā puriso vā daharo yuvā maṇḍanajātiko ādāse vā parisuddhe pariyodāte acche vā udakapatte sakaṃ mukhanimittaṃ paccavekkhamāno sakaṇikaṃ vā ‘sakaṇikan’ti jāneyya, akaṇikaṃ vā ‘akaṇikan’ti jāneyya; evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte cetopariyañāṇāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So parasattānaṃ parapuggalānaṃ cetasā ceto paricca pajānāti– sarāgaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘sarāgaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, vītarāgaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vītarāgaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, sadosaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘sadosaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, vītadosaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vītadosaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, samohaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘samohaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, vītamohaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vītamohaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, saṅkhittaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘saṅkhittaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, vikkhittaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vikkhittaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, mahaggataṃ vā cittaṃ ‘mahaggataṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, amahaggataṃ vā cittaṃ ‘amahaggataṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, sa-uttaraṃ vā cittaṃ ‘sa-uttaraṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, anuttaraṃ vā cittaṃ ‘anuttaraṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, samāhitaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘samāhitaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, asamāhitaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘asamāhitaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, vimuttaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vimuttaṃ cittan”ti pajānāti, avimuttaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘avimuttaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti. Idampi kho, mahārāja, sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ purimehi sandiṭṭhikehi sāmaññaphalehi abhikkantatarañca paṇītatarañca.
Pubbenivāsānussatiñāṇaṃ
   244. “So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte pubbenivāsānussatiñāṇāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So anekavihitaṃ pubbenivāsaṃ anussarati, seyyathidaṃ– ekampi jātiṃ dvepi jātiyo tissopi jātiyo catassopi jātiyo pañcapi jātiyo dasapi jātiyo vīsampi jātiyo tiṃsampi jātiyo cattālīsampi jātiyo paññāsampi jātiyo jātisatampi jātisahassampi jātisatasahassampi anekepi saṃvaṭṭakappe anekepi vivaṭṭakappe anekepi saṃvaṭṭavivaṭṭakappe, ‘amutrāsiṃ evaṃnāmo evaṃgotto evaṃvaṇṇo evamāhāro evaṃsukhadukkhappaṭisaṃvedī evamāyupariyanto, so tato cuto amutra udapādiṃ; tatrāpāsiṃ evaṃnāmo evaṃgotto evaṃvaṇṇo evamāhāro evaṃsukhadukkhappaṭisaṃvedī evamāyupariyanto, so tato cuto idhūpapanno’ti. Iti sākāraṃ sa-uddesaṃ anekavihitaṃ pubbenivāsaṃ anussarati.
   245. “Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, puriso sakamhā gāmā aññaṃ gāmaṃ gaccheyya, tamhāpi gāmā aññaṃ gāmaṃ gaccheyya. So tamhā gāmā sakaṃyeva gāmaṃ paccāgaccheyya. Tassa evamassa– ‘ahaṃ kho sakamhā gāmā amuṃ gāmaṃ agacchiṃ, tatrāpi evaṃ aṭṭhāsiṃ, evaṃ nisīdiṃ, evaṃ abhāsiṃ, evaṃ tuṇhī ahosiṃ, tamhāpi gāmā amuṃ gāmaṃ agacchiṃ, tatrāpi evaṃ aṭṭhāsiṃ, evaṃ nisīdiṃ, evaṃ abhāsiṃ, evaṃ tuṇhī ahosiṃ, somhi tamhā gāmā sakaṃyeva gāmaṃ paccāgato’ti. Evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte pubbenivāsānussatiñāṇāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So anekavihitaṃ pubbenivāsaṃ anussarati, seyyathidaṃ– ekampi jātiṃ dvepi jātiyo tissopi jātiyo catassopi jātiyo pañcapi jātiyo dasapi jātiyo vīsampi jātiyo tiṃsampi jātiyo cattālīsampi jātiyo paññāsampi jātiyo jātisatampi jātisahassampi jātisatasahassampi anekepi saṃvaṭṭakappe anekepi vivaṭṭakappe anekepi saṃvaṭṭavivaṭṭakappe, ‘amutrāsiṃ evaṃnāmo evaṃgotto evaṃvaṇṇo evamāhāro evaṃsukhadukkhappaṭisaṃvedī evamāyupariyanto, so tato cuto amutra udapādiṃ; tatrāpāsiṃ evaṃnāmo evaṃgotto evaṃvaṇṇo evamāhāro evaṃsukhadukkhappaṭisaṃvedī evamāyupariyanto, so tato cuto idhūpapanno’ti, iti sākāraṃ sa-uddesaṃ anekavihitaṃ pubbenivāsaṃ anussarati. Idampi kho, mahārāja, sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ purimehi sandiṭṭhikehi sāmaññaphalehi abhikkantatarañca paṇītatarañca.
Dibbacakkhuñāṇaṃ
   246. “So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte sattānaṃ cutūpapātañāṇāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena satte passati cavamāne upapajjamāne hīne paṇīte suvaṇṇe dubbaṇṇe sugate duggate, yathākammūpage satte pajānāti– ‘ime vata bhonto sattā kāyaduccaritena samannāgatā vacīduccaritena samannāgatā manoduccaritena samannāgatā ariyānaṃ upavādakā micchādiṭṭhikā micchādiṭṭhikammasamādānā. Te kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapannā. Ime vā pana bhonto sattā kāyasucaritena samannāgatā vacīsucaritena samannāgatā manosucaritena samannāgatā ariyānaṃ anupavādakā sammādiṭṭhikā sammādiṭṭhikammasamādānā, te kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapannā’ti. Iti dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena satte passati cavamāne upapajjamāne hīne paṇīte suvaṇṇe dubbaṇṇe sugate duggate, yathākammūpage satte pajānāti.
   247. “Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, majjhe siṅghāṭake pāsādo. Tattha cakkhumā puriso ṭhito passeyya manusse gehaṃ pavisantepi nikkhamantepi rathikāyapi vīthiṃ sañcarante majjhe siṅghāṭake nisinnepi. Tassa evamassa– ‘ete manussā gehaṃ pavisanti, ete nikkhamanti, ete rathikāya vīthiṃ sañcaranti, ete majjhe siṅghāṭake nisinnā’ti. Evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte sattānaṃ cutūpapātañāṇāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena satte passati cavamāne upapajjamāne hīne paṇīte suvaṇṇe dubbaṇṇe sugate duggate, yathākammūpage satte pajānāti– ‘ime vata bhonto sattā kāyaduccaritena samannāgatā vacīduccaritena samannāgatā manoduccaritena samannāgatā ariyānaṃ upavādakā micchādiṭṭhikā micchādiṭṭhikammasamādānā, te kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapannā. Ime vā pana bhonto sattā kāyasucaritena samannāgatā vacīsucaritena samannāgatā manosucaritena samannāgatā ariyānaṃ anupavādakā sammādiṭṭhikā sammādiṭṭhikammasamādānā. Te kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā sugatiṃ saggaṃ lokaṃ upapannā’ti. Iti dibbena cakkhunā visuddhena atikkantamānusakena satte passati cavamāne upapajjamāne hīne paṇīte suvaṇṇe dubbaṇṇe sugate duggate; yathākammūpage satte pajānāti. ‘Idampi kho, mahārāja, sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ purimehi sandiṭṭhikehi sāmaññaphalehi abhikkantatarañca paṇītatarañca.
Āsavakkhayañāṇaṃ
   248. “So evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte āsavānaṃ khayañāṇāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. So idaṃ dukkhanti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti ayaṃ dukkhasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ dukkhanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Ime āsavāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ āsavasamudayoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ āsavanirodhoti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ayaṃ āsavanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Tassa evaṃ jānato evaṃ passato kāmāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, bhavāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, avijjāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, ‘vimuttasmiṃ vimuttami’ti ñāṇaṃ hoti, ‘khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ, kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyā’ti pajānāti.
   249. “Seyyathāpi, mahārāja, pabbatasaṅkhepe udakarahado accho vippasanno anāvilo. Tattha cakkhumā puriso tīre ṭhito passeyya sippisambukampi sakkharakathalampi macchagumbampi carantampi tiṭṭhantampi. Tassa evamassa– ‘ayaṃ kho udakarahado accho vippasanno anāvilo. Tatrime sippisambukāpi sakkharakathalāpi macchagumbāpi carantipi tiṭṭhantipī’ti. Evameva kho, mahārāja, bhikkhu evaṃ samāhite citte parisuddhe pariyodāte anaṅgaṇe vigatūpakkilese mudubhūte kammaniye ṭhite āneñjappatte āsavānaṃ khayañāṇāya cittaṃ abhinīharati abhininnāmeti. ‘So idaṃ dukkhan’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ dukkhasamudayo’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti ‘ayaṃ dukkhanirodho’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadā’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. ‘Ime āsavāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ āsavasamudayo’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ āsavanirodho’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ āsavanirodhagāminī paṭipadāti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti. Tassa evaṃ jānato evaṃ passato kāmāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, bhavāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, avijjāsavāpi cittaṃ vimuccati, ‘vimuttasmiṃ vimuttamiti ñāṇaṃ hoti, ‘khīṇā jāti, vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ, kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ, nāparaṃ itthattāyā’ti pajānāti. Idaṃ kho, mahārāja, sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ purimehi sandiṭṭhikehi sāmaññaphalehi abhikkantatarañca paṇītatarañca. Imasmā ca pana, mahārāja, sandiṭṭhikā sāmaññaphalā aññaṃ sandiṭṭhikaṃ sāmaññaphalaṃ uttaritaraṃ vā paṇītataraṃ vā natthī”ti.
Ajātasattu-upāsakattapaṭivedanā
   250. Evaṃ vutte, rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto bhagavantaṃ etadavoca– “abhikkantaṃ, bhante, abhikkantaṃ, bhante. Seyyathāpi, bhante, nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya, paṭicchannaṃ vā vivareyya, mūḷhassa vā maggaṃ ācikkheyya, andhakāre vā telapajjotaṃ dhāreyya ‘cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhantī’ti; evamevaṃ, bhante, bhagavatā anekapariyāyena dhammo pakāsito Esāhaṃ, bhante, bhagavantaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi dhammañca bhikkhusaṅghañca. Upāsakaṃ maṃ bhagavā dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gataṃ. Accayo maṃ, bhante, accagamā yathābālaṃ yathāmūḷhaṃ yathā-akusalaṃ, yohaṃ pitaraṃ dhammikaṃ dhammarājānaṃ issariyakāraṇā jīvitā voropesiṃ. Tassa me, bhante bhagavā accayaṃ accayato paṭiggaṇhātu āyatiṃ saṃvarāyā”ti.
   251. “Taggha tvaṃ, mahārāja, accayo accagamā yathābālaṃ yathāmūḷhaṃ yathā-akusalaṃ, yaṃ tvaṃ pitaraṃ dhammikaṃ dhammarājānaṃ jīvitā voropesi. Yato ca kho tvaṃ, mahārāja, accayaṃ accayato disvā yathādhammaṃ paṭikarosi, taṃ te mayaṃ paṭiggaṇhāma. Vuddhihesā, mahārāja, ariyassa vinaye, yo accayaṃ accayato disvā yathādhammaṃ paṭikaroti, āyatiṃ saṃvaraṃ āpajjatī”ti.
   252. Evaṃ vutte, rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto bhagavantaṃ etadavoca– “handa ca dāni mayaṃ, bhante, gacchāma bahukiccā mayaṃ bahukaraṇīyā”ti. “Yassadāni tvaṃ, mahārāja, kālaṃ maññasī”ti. Atha kho rājā māgadho ajātasattu vedehiputto bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinanditvā anumoditvā uṭṭhāyāsanā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā padakkhiṇaṃ katvā pakkāmi.
   253. Atha kho bhagavā acirapakkantassa rañño māgadhassa ajātasattussa vedehiputtassa bhikkhū āmantesi– “khatāyaṃ, bhikkhave, rājā. Upahatāyaṃ, bhikkhave, rājā. Sacāyaṃ, bhikkhave, rājā pitaraṃ dhammikaṃ dhammarājānaṃ jīvitā na voropessatha, imasmiññeva āsane virajaṃ vītamalaṃ dhammacakkhuṃ uppajjissathā”ti. Idamavoca bhagavā. Attamanā te bhikkhū bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinandunti.
   Sāmaññaphalasuttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ dutiyaṃ.