阿 姜 曼 正 傳 

 

第一章第一節:早  年

                                          

第一章第一節:早年

   根據親近阿姜曼的學生所述,阿姜曼是近代修持毘婆舍那禪觀vipassanā最成功、也是最值得受到推崇與景仰的一位大師。他在教授深入的佛法精髓時,極具權威與說服力,所以他的學生對於他在證果方面已達最高的成就這一點,一點都不懷疑。他在泰國的各個地區,都有為數極多且非常忠實的比丘與在家人追隨他修行。此外,他在寮國(Laos)也有許多的信徒,當地的比丘和在家人也都非常尊敬他。

       他的一生從早期的在家生活,到後來長期獻身於佛教,以及最後圓寂的那一天,都是無與倫比。現今,世間任何珍寶都難以衡量如此清淨無暇又卓越的一生。

        阿姜曼出生在一個傳統的佛教家庭,生日為一八七〇年(泰曆羊年)一月二十日星期四,出生地為今日泰國的烏汶府(Ubon RatchathaniKhongjiam地區的一處名叫Ban Khambong的村落。他的父親名叫康端(Khamduang),母親叫珍(Jun),他們一家人姓Kaenkaew。在八個兄弟姊妹中,他排行老大。當他圓寂時,只剩下兩個兄弟姐妹還在世。孩提時的阿姜曼身材不高,皮膚白皙,有與生俱來的敏捷、活力、聰穎及機智等優秀的特質。十五歲還是青少年的時候,他加入當地的僧團,成為一名沙彌,在僧團裡他能異常快速地背誦經典,從此開啟了學習佛法的熱忱。他很有親和力,且個性隨和,從不會給老師或其他人製造麻煩或帶來困擾。

        出家生活的兩年後,父親要求他脫下僧袍還俗回家幫忙家務。沒辦法,礙於現實,他不得不妥協。然而,他對出家生活是如此的熱愛,他深信將來有一天一定會再重新穿上僧袍。穿著袈裟時的美好回憶在腦海中一直未曾褪色。因此,他下定決心要盡早再度加入僧團。這種強烈的使命感,無疑是來自於一種堅定的信念。這份信念深植於他的內心,已經成為他人格特質的一部分。佛教則稱之為已深種在心田的「信根」saddhā

        二十二歲那一年,他很想回到僧團,基於這份渴望,辭別了雙親,父母親也不想阻撓他,甚至他們內心也希望有一天兒子能再次出家,因此同意了他的請求。為此,他們資助他出家時所需要的一切必需品。一八九三年一月十二日這一天,在烏汶府的Wat Liap受比丘戒。

        亞利亞卡威尊者(Venerable Ariyakawi)是授戒師,可魯悉達長老(Phra Khru Sitha)為羯摩師,可魯普拉傑烏伯根長老(Phra Khru Prajuk Ubonkhun)為教授師,法名為布理達塔(Bhūridatta)。受戒後,便留在阿姜索所創立的Wat Liap內觀中心修行。


The Venerable Ãcariya Mun Bhýridatta Thera was a vipassana meditation master of the highest caliber of this present age; one who is truly worthy of the eminent praise and admiration accorded to him by his close disciples. He taught the profound nature of Dhamma with such authority and persuasion that he left no doubts among his students about the exalted level of his spiritual attainment. His devoted followers consist of numerous monks and laity from virtually every region of Thailand. Besides these, he has many more devotees in Laos, where both monks and lay people feel a deep reverence for him.

His story is truly a magnificent one throughout: from his early years in lay life through his long endeavor as a Buddhist monk to the day he finally passed away. Nowadays, a life of such unblemished excellence is harder to come by than a lode of precious gemstones.

Ãcariya Mun was born into a traditional Buddhist family on Thursday, January 20, 1870, the Year of the Goat. His birthplace was the village of Ban Khambong in the Khongjiam district of Ubon Ratchathani province. His father’s name was Khamduang; his mother’s Jun; and his family surname Kaenkaew. He was the eldest child of eight siblings, though only two of them were still alive when he passed away. A child of small stature with a fair complexion, he was naturally quick, energetic, intelligent, and resourceful. At the age of fifteen he ordained as a novice1 in his village monastery where he developed an enthusiasm for the study of Dhamma, memorizing the texts with exceptional speed. A young novice of affable character, he never caused his teachers or fellows any trouble.

Two years into his new way of life his father requested him to give up the robes, and he was required to return to lay life in order to help out at home. However, his fondness for the monk’s life was so pronounced that he was certain he would ordain again some day. His good memories of life in a monk’s robes never faded. Thus, he resolved to enter the monkhood again as soon as possible. This strong sense of purpose was due, no doubt, to the power of that indomitable faith, known as saddhã, which was such an integral part of his character.

When he reached age twenty-two, he felt an urge to ordain as a monk. So, for that purpose, he took leave of his parents. Not wanting to discourage his aspirations and having also kept the hope that their son would ordain again someday, they gave their permission. To this end, they provided him with a complete set of a monk’s basic requisites for his ordination. On June 12, 1893,2 he received his Bhikkhu ordination at Wat Liap monastery in the provincial town of Ubon Ratchathani.

His upajjhãya was the Venerable Ariyakawi; his kammavãcariya was Phra Khru Sitha; and his anusãsanãcariya was Phra Khru Prajuk Ubonkhun.3 He was given the monastic name “Bhýridatta”.4 After his ordination, he took residence at Wat Liap in Ãcariya Sao’s vipassanã meditation center.